history of this reduction originates in the nineteenth century.It all started with small circles of socialists who were persecuted within the Russian Empire.All this has resulted in a powerful and well-organized mass party, which is in the final was named the Communist Party.Explanation of the abbreviations is sufficient, simple and means of ideological and geographical components.However, first things first.
nineteenth century in general is very rich in various kinds of demonstrations against the authorities for political and civil rights.We started this battle Decembrists, and then picked up by numerous university clubs and organizations.The ideas of socialism are actively promoted and promoted during the reign of Alexander II.Liberal-Democratic mood most of the community has been a fertile ground for the development of the ideas of liberalism and social democratic views.Populism also contributed to the spread of socialist ideas in the vast expanses of Russia.The organization
ups and downs of the formation of socialist organizations
However, the "Group of Liberation of Labor" was small and did not enjoy great influence among the Russian Socialists.George V. stepped up its activities and met with similar groups from Kiev and Minsk, on the basis of this work, he met with VI Ulyanov.Initially, the views of the two leaders of the socialist movement coincided, and mutual efforts they have done everything possible to these scattered all the cities and villages of the Russian Empire and the cell group formed in one batch.What happened at the founding congress in Minsk, this is the party upon which the future with ideological and personal change in the way the Communist Party.Explanation established in 1898, the party was significantly different from the traditional Communist Party, when it was called the formation of the RSDLP, which means Russian Social Democratic Labour Party.
ideological and organizational differences
However, this was not the only metamorphosis that has occurred with the name of the party.As mentioned above, the founding fathers of the new political institution Georgy Plekhanov and Vladimir Ulyanov in the future very far apart in their views on the future of Russia and its reorganization and methods of these transformations.This resulted in open clashes supporters of the first and second leaders, and then reflected in the organizational order of the party.Already at the next exit (after founding) party was divided on the Mensheviks headed by Plekhanov and the Bolsheviks led by Lenin, but the external unity of the party still remained until 1917.However, ideological and methodological differences have led to the exit of Lenin from the main party publication - the newspaper "Iskra".The split within the party all the stronger, Plekhanov and his supporters were at moderate social-democratic positions, chosen as the primary method of reform changes, and the Bolsheviks were radically different attitudes and basic method of social change recognized violence as a proletarian revolution.
Creation of the Russian Communist Party
In April 1917, there has long simmering event.The Bolshevik faction finally dissociated itself from the RSDLP foundation that represents the moderate Mensheviks and set up its own RCP (B), which will form the basis for future Communist Party.Decryption is the new Bolshevik organization accurately characterizes its ideological views, and reads as follows: the Russian Communist Party (Bolsheviks).Clarification with the letter "B" in brackets even more emphasized the difference between the party of the Western classical doctrines of social democracy and even communism, Lenin made some changes in the concept developed by Karl Marx, adapting it to the Russian reality, but it was not the final name of the party.After winning the armed uprising in October 1917, the RCP (B) again changed its name, wishing thereby emphasize its universality and emergence as the ruling party.Since 1925 it became known as the CPSU (b), and has the name was transformed in 1952 into the Communist Party.Explanation of the name in 1925 changed only slightly, the word "Russian" was changed to "All-Russia", and the rest remained unchanged.
irony of the people and the official abbreviation
Like any other political organization, it was the governing bodies, which have also received an abbreviation.In our case it is the CPSU Central Committee, deciphering sounds like the Party Central Committee.While serving as chairmanship of Yuri Andropov, who had been chief of the State Security Committee, the people jokingly renamed the main body.He was called the Cheka Committee.Explanation of the name ironically treated as a KGB party committee.A KGB security officers called the USSR.Thus, the interpretation of the word of the CPSU shows us the historical evolution of the name, changing ideological concepts, and expanding the influence of the political institutions.