One of the main characteristics of a country is considered to be territorial and state structure.It describes not only the territorial division of the state, but also the distribution of power on each separate unit, as well as the nature of their interaction with each other.
State system are divided into simple and complex.The first includes federations and confederations, but simply considered a unitary or single state.This country does not include in its composition of separate entities, and authorities are allocated to certain administrative centers.It has some distinctive features:
- one legal system.
- Common authorities that suggest the existence of a legislative, judicial and executive.A governing body controls the execution of the basic functions of similar organizations on the ground.
- If we talk about the financial component, the state system requires a single currency.It displays the prices for all goods and services markets, accounting is conducted.All other currency can be exchanged at the national as soon as it operates freely in the territory of a particular state.
- total tax base and a single tax legislation.
In addition, it is possible to note the influence of the central authorities and other administrative centers.In this area there is also a division into types:
decentralized unitary state structure characterized by the presence of local authorities, which have a share of power and elected by the population of certain territorial divisions.Accordingly, as part of the centralized does not provide independent authority in the field, there is ruled by officials, officially designated a single management body.
form of government of the Russian Federation refers to a complex structure and is a federation, which contains in its structure in the form of individual education republics, provinces, territories, counties and cities.In connection with the territorial arrangement introduced a two-tier system of government in which the supreme present apparatus of government and subjects of the federation will organize its own legislative, judicial and executive power.The individual education are entitled to an independent compilation of constitutional norms.Similarly, the budget system: accumulated revenues Republican nomination and separate budgets of the Federation is their own sources of income and expenditure part of the plan on their own.
Even during the reign of the Soviet Union was provided by law, allowing subjects to freely withdraw from the federation.However, in practice the right has not been realized.That is why today in constitutional law such a possibility is not provided.Thus, the subject does not possess the absolute sovereignty and the right freely to secede from the federation does not get.
Such a polity, as a confederation, is a common union or agreement of several countries.A distinctive feature of this form is considered to be a member of the sovereignty of each country.They combined to achieve the most important strategic objectives in the field of economics, politics or military security.Relations between the countries are assigned a single contract or a manifesto.Exit confederation can unilaterally.In addition, these associations, as a rule, do not form a uniform legal framework does not introduce common currency, customs and tax services, and so on.Coordination is carried out through a single control, which included representatives of all the countries participating in the confederation.