Take a walk through the forest, we often encounter the beautiful berries, which is popularly known as wolf.If you eat them, be sure poison.Is it so?In fact, the wolf berries - the collective name of a number of plants.These include belladonna, daphne, crow eyes, honeysuckle, buckthorn, snowberry, Lycium Barbarum.Photos of plants, fruits of which in many cases are actually inedible, very often in the pages of publications devoted to the wild.Many of us know a child that you can not eat these berries.A special place in this list is Lycium Barbarum, the fruits of which are a very valuable source of nutrients.
Wolfberry, buldurgun Tibetan barberry, goji, litsy.All of these names belong to the same plant - wolfberry, which provides us with a valuable raw material used for preparation of various medicinal compounds.
plant Lycium Barbarum, the Latin name of which Lýcium bárbarum, belongs to a large family Solanaceae and is a woody plant belonging to the genus Dereza, there are more than si
At the height of this shrub reaches a height of 3.5 meters.The branches of a plant covered with small thin spines.Leaves - simple entire, elliptically shaped flowers - bell-shaped, purple or pink, the fruit - a small, has a bright coral-red berries.Lycium Barbarum for fruiting period, which lasts from May to October (depending on the region), is capable of delivering up to thirteen harvests.
The benefits of Lycium Barbarum
fruits of the plant are rich in ascorbic acid, GABA and nicotinic acids, vitamins A, B1, B2, polysaccharides, proteins, amino acids and many other nutrients.
leaves and berries (both ripe and dried) wolfberry is commonly used to treat a variety of diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems, the normalization of the kidney.They also reduce the amount of cholesterol and normalize blood sugar levels.In addition, the fruits of this plant increases the potency of the berries have christened their love.For its medicinal properties of broad-spectrum called Lycium Barbarum means a thousand diseases.
wolfberry cultivation in the garden of
it easy to grow shrub?Lycium Barbarum feels perfectly in virtually all conditions.And before to breed wolfberry, it should be noted that it is easier to grow than later get rid of it.This undemanding plant that survives well on poluzasolennyh and under moist soil, quickly and successfully expands, forcing neighbors to win a large area.Therefore, it is best to plant on vacant lots, along roads and ditches, orchards or apiaries.
Dereza ordinary multiplies and equally well cuttings and seeds.In the first case the one- or two-year shoots with 3-4 buds, and a length of 10-15 cm, are first grown in the greenhouse soil, consisting of a mixture of peat and sand.Sharing sinks into the soil to a depth of 5 cm, while the lowest kidney should be covered with earth.For germination is surface seeding.To achieve best results, the seeds need to place two days in warm water and then treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and planted in the ground.In the process of seed germination is necessary to maintain a constant humidity.
In early spring, adult plants should be cut at the root of approximately one-third of the old shoots.Watering Lycium Barbarum is necessary only during the establishment or in the hot dry summer, because she does not like too much moisture.