Isaac Newton - biography and scientific discoveries that changed the world

known to every schoolchild great English scientist was born on December 24, 1642, old style, or 4 January 1643 under the current Gregorian calendar.Isaac Newton, whose biography has its origins in the village of Woolsthorpe, Lincolnshire, was born so weak that he was for a long time did not dare to baptize.However, the boy survived and, despite poor health in childhood, managed to survive to old age.

Childhood

father Isaac died before he was born.His mother, Anna Eyskou, early widowed, she married again, giving birth to three more children from her new husband.She paid little attention to the eldest son.Newton, whose biography as a child looks like has been prosperous, suffered greatly from loneliness and lack of attention from the mother.

boy cared more about his uncle, brother of Anna Eyskou.As a child, Isaac was closed silent kid tinkering with a penchant various technical crafts, such as windmill and solar clocks.

school years

In 1955, at the age of 12 years, Isaac Newton was sent to sch

ool.Shortly before dying of his stepfather and mother inherits his condition, immediately reissued it on the eldest son.The school was in Grantham, Newton lived at your local apothecary Clark.During his studies, he opened his outstanding abilities, but her mother four years later returned the 16-year-old young man home with a view to entrust him with responsibilities for the management of the farm.

But agriculture - it was none of his business.Reading books, poetry, designing complex mechanisms - this was all Newton.His biography in this moment defined its direction toward science.Schoolmaster Stokes, William's uncle and a member of Trinity College at Cambridge University Humphrey Babington combined efforts have made continuing education of Isaac Newton.

Universities

Cambridge brief biography of Newton as follows:

  • 1661 - admission to Trinity College at the University of free tuition as studenta- "Sizer".
  • 1664 - passing examinations and transfer to the next stage of learning as studenta- "schoolboy", which gave him the right to receive a scholarship and the opportunity to continue their education further.

At the same time, Newton, whose biography has documented the creative impulse and the beginning of an independent scientific activities, met with Isaac Barrow, a new teacher, a mathematician who had a strong influence on the passion for mathematics scholar.

A total of Trinity College was given a large piece of a life (30 years) of the great physicist and mathematician, but this is where he made his first opening (binomial expansion for arbitrary rational exponent and expansion of an infinite number) and created on the basis of the doctrineGalileo, Descartes and Kepler, a universal system in the world.

years of great achievements and fame

Since the beginning of the epidemic of plague in 1665 in college classes stopped, and Newton went to his estate in Woolsthorpe, where he was perfect the most significant discoveries - optical experiments with the colors of the spectrum, the law of gravity.

In 1667 the scientist returned to Trinity College, where he continued his studies in physics, mathematics, optics.He created a telescope rave reviews at the Royal Society.

In 1705 Newton photos which can now be found in every textbook, the first was awarded the title of knight was for scientific achievement.The number of discoveries in various fields of science is very large.Monumental works on mathematics, basics of mechanics, astronomy, optics, physics turned representation scientists about the world.