Stolypin's reforms in agriculture is a set of measures designed to improve the situation of the peasants in the Russian Empire and generally optimize the agricultural life of the country.The reforms were carried out on the initiative of the tsarist government, and Peter Stolypin Abramovich.
Stolypin's reforms in agriculture background
By the beginning of XX century Russian peasant became archaic country.It becomes more obvious lagging behind the Western European countries and the United States in the fields of industry, economy and social development.Even the effectiveness of agriculture remained at the level of the past few centuries.Increasingly, this time literally glaring topicality thesis Peter Valuev middle of the XIX century: "Top luster, bottom rot."Thus, the Stolypin reforms became evident the need to reform all aspects of the reaction of the Russian state, including agriculture.Otherwise, the country could expect an unenviable fate of Iran or Turkey, these once strikes fear in all of Eur
Stolypin agrarian reform: a brief account of the objectives and conduct
Chief Minister Pyotr Stolypin began in the midst of revolution, the turbulent 1906.It was the first time swayed the tsarist autocracy, and therefore the need for large-scale transformations appeared clearly.Stolypin's reforms were aimed at different spheres of public life, but the most important of them took place in the agricultural sector.The main purpose of these changes was the creation of a new layer of wealthy peasants, who would be independent in their activities - in the manner of North American farming.The main problem of the then farmers was that, after the abolition of serfdom in 1861, they did not get rid of the farming community.The reform also aimed to create a competitive private farm holdings, which would work to the market demand.We hope that this will give impetus to their development and revitalize agricultural and economic life of the country.For this purpose the State Bank issued credit a large number of enterprising farmers debt to purchase land at a sufficiently low rate.Non-repayment of debt punishable selection purchased land.
second reform program was the development of territories in Siberia.In this region, and did land were distributed free of charge to use the peasant, and the state itself strongly contributed to the creation of infrastructure there.For transportation of families in the east have been set up and quite well-known today, "Stolypin wagons".Reform really began to give results in the form of economic recovery before the First World War.However, it has not been completed, interrupted by the death of Peter Abramovich in 1911, and then the continental conflict erupted.
Results of Stolypin reforms
As a result of government action just over 10% of the peasant population was allocated from the community to start an independent business activity.Modern historians have noted positive reforms: qualitative dynamics in the agricultural sector and economic life, partial development of Siberia, the emergence of a number of competitive peasant estates and so on.