Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere, in three latitudes: subequatorial, subtropical and tropical.The northern part of Australia - the sub-equatorial belt, the southern part - the subtropics, and most of the continent - the tropics.
climate in the northern part of Australia features a large amount of precipitation, about two thousand millimeters.Most of them brings to the northwest monsoon humid in the summer.In winter, precipitation is significantly reduced, at this time there is more drought, which bring hot wind.The average annual air temperature fluctuations are small.
tropical latitudes of the continent - it is here that formed the two main types of climate: dry and humid tropical.The extreme eastern area is exposed to humid tropical climate, the moisture comes here with expanses of Pacific air masses.East slope of the Great Dividing Range and the coastal plains receive annual rainfall in the amount of one thousand to one thousand five hundred millimeters.The climate in this part of Austral
almost the entire central part of the continent - the desert.They occupy a huge space length of about two and a half kilometers.Climate Australia - deserted tropical - prevails in the west and in the central part.In the summer here the temperature exceeds tridtsatigradusnuyu mark, and winter does not fall below ten degrees.Great Sandy Desert - the hottest region on the continent.Here, the temperature difference between summer and winter is only ten to fifteen degrees.But Australia's climate in this region is different minuscule amount of precipitation.
part of the continent, located in the subtropics, the climate is divided into three zones: the Mediterranean, subtropical continental and subtropical moist.
first zone close to the mild climate of the Mediterranean countries.In summer it is often hot and dry, and winter - wet and warm.As for precipitation, then they are enough - from six hundred to one thousand millimeters per year.
By subtropics should include the southern part of the continent, which stretches the Great Australian Bight, up to western New South Wales.Here, in the course of the year the temperature jumps significantly, and rainfall is not very ample.
In the state of Victoria, south-western foothills of New South Wales, has its own climate.This part of Australia has a mild, warm and humid climate and rainfall in the coastal areas varies from five to six hundred millimeters per year.Venturing to the center of the continent, precipitation is becoming less.This part of Australia is favorable for agriculture, although there is a need for additional artificial irrigation.At the same time of rivers and lakes in most parts of the continent are no direct runoff into the ocean, because the majority of the water are salty lakes and rivers during the hot months are partially dry feature.In summer the temperature reaches twenty-five degrees, and winter does not fall below ten.
particular interest is winter in Australia.If the summer is relatively even, the winter in different climatic regions are quite different.For example, the interior of the continent is different hot and dry in the winter, as the air masses coming from the sea, on the way to the center of the continent have time to warm up and lose most of the moisture.The capital also has low winter temperatures and the presence of snow.