Nation - is imagined community

concept of nation is very often used in contemporary political rhetoric.With her own way of trying to link their aspirations and public statesmen.But what does it represent in reality?

definition Introduction: the nation

First of all, it should be noted that in the modern Russian language, there are a set of terms, similar to the concept of the nation: the people, ethnicity and nationality.At the same time the nation itself is a way of having multiple views of its definition.There is some conflict and related to translation of foreign-language terms.So, for the Germans and the people and the nation - a folk.The two concepts are united by one term.But in a special English-language literature distinguishes between people and nation.First, by the way, it is not quite the same as the people in our understanding.For Russian-speaking human nation - a kind of continuation of the people, its development into a higher category.While the nation is a large legal and biological unity that has existed since

ancient times, and the notion of the nation expresses more social and psychological community.It is the realization of joint historical destiny, common heroes and tragic moments, the unity of the past and the future turns people into a nation.This is more than just a set of similar characteristics such as culture and language (even though they are the basis).The development of the nation, according to modern scholars question at its highest point involves the creation of the state.It's the most effective way of expressing the overall national interest by foreign and domestic policy.

Birth of a Nation

In modern historiography issue there are several trends, considering the different origins of the nation.However, the most authoritative scholars still attribute the emergence of nations in their modern form to the era of modern times.In addition, it was originally a European phenomenon.The nation - is the brainchild of the development of capitalist relations and the scientific and technological revolution.For the peasant of the Middle Ages there was no such identity and there was no difference between the French and German feudal lords.And for all the peasants of the past presented a unified mass.One of the prominent scholars of our time, Benedict Anderson has created a special concept of "imagined communities."This implies that the nation - is the fruit of the human imagination in the long run.It occurs only when the collapse of traditional community (eg village communities), and there are new, more global society.Local identification is no longer suitable, and work in Munich, for example, as a result of these processes are beginning to feel their community with the clerk of Dortmund, although they have never seen.For a nation crucial common symbols - the foundation of the solidarity of its members.Often the color of the nation - poets, writers, musicians, historians - is also the creator of these characters.They form the image of unity in the minds of the inhabitants of a certain territory.