Tuzla Island is small: in a length of about six kilometers and a maximum width - not more than five hundred meters, such elongated strip of sand between the Taman Peninsula and the Crimea.By itself, this particular piece of land value is not important only its place on the map.In 2003, the island has become famous all over the world.Ukrainian Parliament rages, one member proposed to give "in Puzla of Tuzla", another coined the neologism "Tuzla".There were other phonetic and linguistic playfulness, grace of not conceding reduced.Russian politicians are not inferior to the Ukrainian colleagues in an effort to demonstrate masculine brutality and militancy.
normal weather on the island ...
On an area of three and a half square kilometers, in principle, can fit a small town.It is if this territory inhabited Japanese, for example, or the representatives of some other people, appreciating the land above personal comfort.For Ukraine, the country's rather big, the appendage of the peninsula obtained after
Nothing at first glance, no signs of any friction between the two brotherly countries.Not so this is an important section of the territory of Russia ... to accept the loss of the Crimea, not to mention so insignificant object and sparsely populated, the island of Tuzla.The conflict arose in autumn 2003, after the Ukrainian border guards have seen in binoculars, and later the naked eye, that the adjacent sides of them approaching some waterworks, and quite quickly, for a hundred and fifty meters a day.How to react to what is happening, the military did not know, and reported their observations to their superiors.That, in turn, notified Kiev.Through diplomatic channels the government of Ukraine has demanded explanations from the Russian side and get them.Constructed facilities referred to dam it built to improve the environmental situation in the Sea of Azov.However, this explanation did not satisfy the Ukrainian leadership, it has seen in the actions of Russian hydrobuilders expansive tendency, on the island of Tuzla.And for this assumption were the base.
painful attitude to the issues of territorial integrity was typical of all the administrations since Kravchuk, occupied the office on Bankova Street in Kyiv.Mootness eligibility joining the Crimea to the Ukrainian JSC was indeed "trump card" for politicians in Russia, especially in the pre-election period, the same role was assigned to counter-arguments of their Ukrainian colleagues, standing in the ultra-patriotic platform.Objectively, the Taman shore of the island of Tuzla until 1925 were one until the depths of the sea does not absorb some of the narrow isthmus.Legal arguments in favor of the affiliation of the territory of Ukraine is faulty, but it so happened since 1991 that any ambiguities interpreted in favor of the "younger brother".In the Yeltsin era, even the city of Sevastopol subordinate to the Union are not included formally in the Crimean Autonomous District, it was handed over to Ukraine, although it would defend Russia in international arbitration courts.
economic background of the conflict
dispute Russia and Ukraine over Tuzla island and had quite utilitarian reasons - at least two.
Firstly, the country to which it belongs, in fact and law controls navigation through the Kerch Strait, which means the entry in the budget fifteen million US dollars annually.
Secondly, the island of Tuzla, to all international legal norms, sets the boundary line of the territorial waters.When the status existed most of the fish resources of the Azov Sea got into a zone of economic interests of Ukraine.
Thus, the island of Tuzla almost useless in the Soviet era piece of sandbar turned into a strategically important object of international law.
underwater topography of the seabed area adjacent to Tuzla and covering the Kerch Strait, in a sense provoked conflict.The fact that the most deep and rich fishing areas moved Ukraine, the Russian Federation inherited the shallows.Actually, the Russians could easily resolve this issue in any other way, simply deepen their bottom portion.The boundary of territorial waters thus not be disturbed, but there would be another problem concerning the very existence of these same fish resources.Fishing is most effective in the western deep-water part of the strait.But the fish spawn in the Russian shallow water.If the conditions for this will not be, it will be, as they say in Odessa, "there is nothing to catch" (only in the literal sense).A fish factory were located mainly in the Crimea, then Ukrainian.It should be noted that the Russian side did not go to such a fatal step for the environment.
development of conflict and mutual altercation
About to really conduct any military operations, the question, of course, could not be.Plunge attack mobile mechanized column of Russian hydrobuilders would be to make a clear act of aggression, the construction of the dam went into the adjacent territorial waters.In this case, response Russia likely would be very hard.Another thing - the rhetoric.On TV screens, newspaper pages and other Ukrainian media media been calls to stand "as one" and to protect the island of Tuzla.The conflict went the way it was bored and Russian politicians scandalously radical clerics who called "to teach" and "to punish."
importance of Tuzla today
Russia agreed in 2003 to make concessions and recognized the right of Ukraine to the island of Tuzla.Hydraulic works completed a few hundred meters from the border of territorial waters.According to experts, the dam today successfully fulfills its ecological function, that is, prevents erosion of the Russian coast and individual shallowing of the adjacent area.About her today, against the background of recent Eastern Ukrainian and Crimean events do not even remember.As they say, in comparison with a broken head lost hair does not matter.But the problem has become urgent reorientation detached from Ukraine and attached to Russia on the mainland peninsula message.Most bottleneck sea water obstacle is the Kerch Strait, which is located in the center of the island of Tuzla.The bridge connecting the two banks is likely to be held here.
Most likely, there will be two bridges, at least, this project is recognized as the most optimal, given the prospective loading overpass.In addition to road transport it is proposed to organize and train.Estimated construction time - four years.The route passes through the braid and two dam sites (1400 and 6100 meters).The railroad tracks should be electrified.Thus, regains strategic significance Tuzla Island.The bridge will connect the Krasnodar region with the Crimean region and to ensure the independence of the political situation of the continent with the possibility of posts peninsula.
meantime, is the grand design of future structures, here come mainly tourists.It is very nice, relatively deserted, clean water, swim, however, in some places is dangerous because of strong currents.The question of how to get to the island of Tuzla, is simple: from Kerch here goes a small boat.