Church reform of Peter 1 - approval of absolutism

In approving absolutism played an important role the church reform of Peter 1. The position of the Orthodox Church of Russia in the second half of the 17th century was strong enough.At the time, she was able to keep the royal power against the administrative, judicial and financial autonomy.The policy pursued by the past patriarchs of the church, was aimed at strengthening these positions.We are talking about Joachim and Adrian.

Church reform of Peter 1: briefly on the main

From this reform as much as possible squeezed funds for state programs of various kinds.During the reign of Peter primarily funds were needed for the construction of the fleet (the so-called "kumpanstvo").After the Russian tsar traveling in the Grand Embassy, ​​his new problem is the complete subordination of the Russian Church of the imperial power. & Lt;! - [Endif] - & gt;

Church reform launched after the death of Peter Adrian.Then the king issued a decree of the audit in the Patriarchal house, where it was necessary to

rewrite all the property.The audit king cancels the holding of the next election of the patriarch.In the post "locum tenens of the Patriarchal Throne" Russian tsar appointed Metropolitan of Ryazan Stefan Yavorsky.In 1701 it was founded monastic order, according to which at that time ruled the church affairs.Thus, the church is losing its independence from the imperial power and the right to dispose of church property.

Enlightenment idea of ​​the welfare society, which requires productive work of society as a whole, deploys attack on the monasteries and monks.Church reform of Peter 1 - is, among other things, limiting the number of monks, as noted in the royal decree, issued in 1701.In order to get permission for vows, it was necessary to appeal to the monastic order.Over time, Peter has an idea at the monastery set up shelters for the poor and retired soldiers.Peter the Great in 1724 issued a decree according to which the number of monks in the monastery depends on the number of people for whom they must care.

the relationships that have developed between the church and the royal power, the result of which was the church reform of Peter 1, demanded a new design from a legal point of view.A prominent figure in the era of Peter the Great Feofan Prokopovich has made in 1721 Spiritual Regulation, which was provided for the destruction of the patriarchal institution and the establishment of a new body called the "Sacred College."After some time, a formal management rights of the Senate changed the name to "The Holy Synod of the government."The creation of the Synod and it was the start of the absolutist period in Russian history.During this period, all power, and the church in particular, in the hands of the Emperor - Peter the Great.

Church reform of Peter 1 clerics turned to government officials.Indeed, in this period, even the Synod oversaw a secular person, the so-called chief prosecutor.