Non-Aligned Movement - a movement that brings together countries that proclaimed the foundation of its foreign policy course of non-participation in military-political groupings and blocs.It includes countries not belonging to the communist nor capitalist camp.
Non-Aligned Movement, whose history officially began in 1961, was aimed at defending the interests of the developing countries of the Third World during the Cold War.Hostile superpower rivalry (the USSR and the USA) led the opposition in many countries in Asia, Africa and Europe.One of the main goals of the movement was the conference of African and Asian countries, which served as a prelude to its formation.The work was attended by 29 countries.Chairman of the conference was Jawaharlal Nehru.
Among the masterminds movement were Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, the leader of Indonesia, Ahmed Sukarno.
first three decades after the creation of the movement plays an important role in the decolonization to
Initially, the Non-Aligned Movement has developed 10 principles that sought to implement its own independent policy.They are not changed over the past half-century.Today, as before, the emphasis is on the recognition of the rights of countries to pursue strategies that meet the collective interests, ensure development and maintain peace and security through cooperation in solving international problems.
Currently, the Non-Aligned Movement brings together 120 countries.This represents 60% of the strength of the United Nations.It occupies a niche of political association, which on the international scene confronts the West's actions against a number of developing countries.
Countries movements are characterized by carrying out the policy of peaceful coexistence, regardless of the military units of the superpowers, the open support of liberation movements.
Non-Aligned Movement held 15 summits.Today it is once again acquired a strong position and has the ability to play a prominent role in international politics in line with international developments.
Iran during a meeting of foreign ministers of the movement to propose practical ways of cooperation that should ensure the achievement of shared values (resistance to sanctions, peace and security, renunciation of defamation of religion, fight against the onslaught from the West, reforms in the UN, the fight against smugglingdrug trafficking and terrorism, support for accession countries participating in the international organizations).In turn, the Non-Aligned Movement support Iran's nuclear rights.
Currently, analysts say needs more active role for the movement, which calls for the revision of its guidelines.It is now second only to the United Nations an international organization that can realize big plans.But the problem is a weak internal structure of the organization, the dissimilarity of politics and economy of the participating countries, the absence of a common will, due to different political interests.