As you know, the basics of morality was laid in ancient societies.At that time, it acts as a regulator of behavior of people in the team, at home, at work.Morality was the encouragement and support of all social foundations of life, reflects a set of different rules and standards of behavior of people in the group.Originally moral rules were the same for all, without exception, regardless of ranks and classes.These canons contain all the spiritual needs of people and living conditions.
Modern dictionaries state that morality - a system of requirements, norms and rules of human behavior, developed in the course of history.Adherence to these standards is voluntary.The moral to draw the line between virtue and evil, between conscience and shame, between compassion and cruelty.
As our contemporary, Francis Fukuyama, morality - this is our social capital, which determines the degree of social vitality.It is close in meaning to the collective intuition, aimed at dealing with and reducing social conflicts
If you go back to the origins of the definition, then, for example, Kant believed that each of us has his own inner moral law, but has repeatedly proved that the great philosopher in his theory seriously wrong.Moral principles are brought in the child as a child in the process of development and learning.
philosophy and morality
indisputable fact that the relationship of philosophy and morality is inseparable.Traditions were laid by Socrates, that he urged all in the fact that people commit evil out of ignorance, not by choice, because you can not administer the crime, knowing the virtue.The problems of good and evil in the world are relevant now, as thousands of years ago.Understanding that morality is the basis of the foundations of human existence, set forth in his writings and Pythagoras, Plato, and other philosophers of antiquity.
Referring to his contemporaries, not to mention Huseynov, who philosophizes that morale has suffered are now significant changes in comparison with the traditional.If you have previously criticized the morality of civilization, but now everything is fundamentally contrary.Indeed, in the minds of the people to change the basic principles of morality, and philosophy are now at everyone.The moral - is that not a purely individual motives.For one that is alien and immoral, then the other - the norm.
Interference of religion and morality
morality and religion - is closely related spheres of culture.The similarity of their markedly in spiritual manifestations, but the influence of the church on public morality is incomparably greater than the effect of morality.Faith determines not only the relationship between the divine and the human, but the interpersonal relationships in the community.God embodies the moral requirements that must be followed.As Frankl said, "God - a personalized conscience."Moral beginning has been in the idea of God, it is inseparable from religion.
world morality is like a temple in which honor the moral holiness.They have a human character (for example, the faithful spouse, a mother's love, respect for the elderly).
Religion has a great influence on the moral principles of various peoples.In monotheistic religions boundaries of morality, good and evil are placed much tougher than in those religions where people profess polytheism.
With the development of morality and its basic principles are often religious canons were subjected to condemnation and disappointing estimates of the society and the clergy.For example, excessive cruelty and injustice to the representatives of other faiths, atheists considered immoral.
But religion can exist without moral principles, and vice versa, so religion and morality - is the spiritual spheres which interact indirectly.