We are all accustomed to, that the money - it is an essential element in the life of every person in the world that everything has its price, and in order to get something, you must first have the cost of this "something" in terms of money.But not every one of us thought about the fact that a history of the emergence of money, it's not just so people invented a convenient opportunity to purchase what you need.
ancient history of the emergence of money
Before the advent of money between the majority existed at the time of successfully used barter (mutual benefit - "you - I, I - you"), but over time people began to realize that different products have differentvalue exchange, for example, a clay jug of bread is not highly profitable.And it was not so easy, for example, to exchange their milk milker on fish as the fisherman's milk was not interested, he needs bread and bakeries, in turn, needed wheat.And while the milker bypass this whole circle, and he was getting the fish do not.
then gradually in different countries have begun to introduce certain subjects as money.For example, the majority of Indian tribes used pearls and shells, other nations - animal skins, furs, or cattle, but only later, during the Great of Russia, money is considered bars of salt, for example, in Ethiopia.Cowry shells were also accepted money in denominations of some countries in Africa, Thailand, India.And only after all of this, people have begun to enter as money metals.Thus began the modern history of the emergence of money.
course of monetary development
First, in most countries, as the monetary unit were used ingots of copper, silver and other metals with different weighted estimates.Gold bars were used only in a few small countries (Libya, Pakistan) and other countries, officially declared a gold bar as a monetary unit, preparing an alloy of copper, gold and silver, but at first glance to distinguish it from real gold was difficult,because copper gave a natural yellow color.Therefore, it can be said that these countries were engaged in falsification of the product.
Then, in the seventh century BC, began to introduce the coin metal.Accordingly, the most valuable of them had gold coins were followed by silver, and of brass - the most common and widely used.They call them standards and Stater.They were similar in appearance to conventional beans.
Where did the ruble?
Metal money in Russian history came much later - at the end of the ninth century.Silver bullion began to hack into several roughly equal parts.Thus came the name - ruble.
How did the first paper money
In China, the money had a very unusual design - round and flat coin with a square hole in the middle.It was necessary for convenience - they are strung on a thread and hung around his neck.But over time, people realized that the so-called "necklace" - a heavy burden, and began to take coins on receipt - a written undertaking that allowed at any time to pick them up and use them back.Accordingly, over time, lenders and banks have become a usual phenomenon, and receipts have become popular and are often used in humans.So in the year 910 in China created the first paper money.The bark of the mulberry tree serves as the basis for the paper.
In Russia, the history of the emergence of paper money began only in 1769, when Catherine II has delivered this idea in the country.But the development of paper money in the country have received rapid.
Now, more and more every year displaced from constant use coins (pennies now almost never used, and if they were, it was only ten-fold), they are replaced by paper money (not so long ago introduced banknote par value of five thousand rubles).