After the Second World War, the northern area of Korea (north of the 38th parallel) was occupied by the Soviet Union.South same area (south of the 38th parallel) occupied by the United States.A peace treaty on the Korean association in one country from the Soviet Union and the United States failed.This, in turn, triggered in 1948 forming two government organizations.
With the support of the United Nations in the south of the United States held elections, which resulted in a provisional government was replaced by the anti-communist.Head became Syngman Rhee.
In the Northern Territory the Soviet Union handed over power to the communist government, whose head was Kim Il Sung.
Korean War (1950-1953) was a conflict between the North and South areas.However, very often these military actions are considered as indirect confrontation between the allied forces of the USSR and the PRC and the United States and its allies.
war in Korea began an offensive in North coalition in June and August 1950.June 5 No
It should be noted that this attack was a surprise for the United States and to other countries of the West.
in New York June 25, the Security Council shall be convened by the United Nations.The main issue on the agenda was the war in Korea.
Western powers supported by the US, helping them military aid.Allied troops went into South Korea.However, in spite of the reinforcement, the South Korean army was not able to get out of the environment (Pusan perimeter).Military forces only managed to stabilize the situation on the front line at the Nakdong River.
the impression that North Korean troops will occupy the entire territory of the peninsula.Soon, however, the South Korean troops from the allied forces managed to go on the offensive.
greatest value in the first few months of hostilities had Tedzhonskaya operation on the offensive (from 3rd to 25th July 1950), Naktonganskaya operation (from 26 July to 20 August).
September 15 began a counter-offensive, in which North Korean troops began to suffer defeat.Allied forces had little to capture the northern territories.
Korean War after the October 8 continued with the participation of China.Chairman of China's Mao ordered Chinese troops prepared to force the Yalu River.The Soviet Union has supported from the air.The air war in Korea took place under the condition that the Soviet aircraft (MiG-15) should not approach closer to the front line of 100 kilometers.
Outdated American aircraft F-80s were defeated by the new jet aircraft of the Soviet Union.Soon in Korea were more advanced F-86.
first aerial victory was in 1950 November 1st.September 12 next year, eighty-Soviet aircraft caught a hundred and fifty American F-80s, who were involved in the assault of flights between Pyongyang and Anju.
question of joining the Chinese army in the conflict was resolved in mid-October 1950 and agreed with Moscow.
North Korean troops, together with the Chinese army occupied Seoul in 1951, January 4.In the same year on April 22 the army of the DPRK launched a counter-offensive.Launched an attack on May 16 was stopped May 21.After that UN troops had undertaken large-scale military operations on all fronts.North Korean army threw for 38 parallel.
Korean War in June 1951 has reached a critical point.Despite the relatively large losses, each side was nearly million-strong army.
At the end of hostilities the front line has not changed much.Began long negotiations.This fighting continued.
In 1952, 4 November Eisenhower (US President) visited Korea.The purpose of his visit was to clarify the circumstances under which it is possible to cease hostilities.The turning point was the death of Stalin (1953, March 5).Shortly thereafter, voted to end the war the Politburo of the CPSU (b).