Funerals are one of the most ancient rituals.The interest of people to the afterlife was present at all times.Belief in the existence of an immortal soul and its relocation to another world was common to all peoples, including the Slavs.
Roots Orthodox funeral traditions
Funeral Orthodox traditions and rituals are the most stable forms of rituals.They are considered the preparation of the transition of the soul of the dying in a different world, so the action over the centuries are made strictly according to the rules.Believers Orthodox funeral of Orthodox traditio
- preparation of dying (held before his death);
- the process of the funeral;
fact that people adhere to Orthodox traditions from the time of the baptism of Kievan Rus', says that the burial - a tribute to the fact of death and the deceased.Hundreds of years of burial rituals have undergone the influence of deep pagan roots of Slavic culture, but gradually the funeral of Orthodox traditions have become such as we know them today.
Preparing for death
long been believers in homes people prepare for death: either bought or hand-sewn shirts and funeral dress.Many settlements have been made ahead of time to make the coffins elderly.With the advent of the Orthodox people were buried in them, because of the pagan rites of the deceased were taken to burn, and the ashes put in a pot or in the ground and dig in.If the family of the deceased want to know how to conduct a funeral, the Orthodox tradition, the answer is an unequivocal priest - the coffin is to be interred.
If a person was sick for a long time, his anointed, during which the priest let him absolution.Thus, the soul is purified and prepared for the transition.The dying man had to say goodbye to loved ones, to bless it in a holy way, to forgive debts and grievances, to give final instructions.
Preparing the body for burial
funeral (the Orthodox tradition) required the preparation of the body of the deceased for burial.For this dead man washed special people, most often an old woman.According to orthodox beliefs cleansing of the body it is as important as the forgiveness of sins for the soul.During ablution read the prayer "Trisagion" or "Lord, have mercy."According to church order the person to appear before the Lord with a pure soul and body.
Today wash dead in a morgue or funeral service provider.If this is not possible, this traditional custom performed by people who are not with the dead kin.
Once washed the deceased, it is put on the laid table with a clean cloth and dressed in new clothes.If this is not possible, the items must be at least clean.
Preparing for the funeral
After bathing the corpse lay in a coffin and covered with a shroud embroidered with crosses.Before that it is prepared, sprinkling holy water.Lay the deceased person up, putting a pillow under his head.The eyes of the deceased must be closed hand - folded on his chest, right over left.Necessarily considered putting on the dead pectoral cross, which must accompany the funeral.
Orthodox traditions and rituals in the old days required prayers over the dead man up to the funeral, which took place on the third day.For this chitalschikov invited.While the deceased was in the house under the icons, and above it read prayers for the dead relatives and friends came to say goodbye.
Today, after a late washed and placed in a coffin, you must read the article "The Service at the end of the soul from the body."If you can not invite the priest, then this part of the funeral ritual can take on any of the relatives.
In the case of the deceased is not possible to bring into the house, the canon should be read, facing the icon or near the place where the funeral will begin, for example, at the door of the morgue.
Even before the funeral service of the deceased in the church, it must be ordered by Prayers.The funeral of the late
for the funeral the coffin with the deceased is made to the church and give it to the altar.In late on the forehead must be printed on the crown "Trisagion", and in his hands - scapular with the image of Jesus.At the head of the deceased is placed cross that relatives and friends can kiss at parting.
In our time, the funeral could take place in the house of the deceased or the funeral home on the third day after his death.Deceased while lying in a coffin with an open face, expanded to the east, and he put his feet in the icon and candles.No matter where the funeral is held, the dead person should lie to the icon, not the people.So he seems to be drawn to the holy image of the pardon and forgiveness of sins.
During the funeral singing "Eternal Memory" and "Release", after which the coffin is closed and carried out of the temple.Those who came to the church family during the ceremony stand with lit candles and pray for the deceased, and then begin the funeral.Orthodox traditions do not allow anything to put in the coffin, but allowed to came to the farewell kiss the icon in the hands of the deceased, and a strip of paper on his forehead.Putting money into the coffin, food, jewelry or other things is prohibited, as it is considered a relic of paganism.
Traditions include following the funeral procession behind the coffin after the funeral of the deceased.It has to go, and stop can be performed only in the church and had in the churchyard.In our time, given the fact that the cemetery may be located at a distance of several kilometers, the procession goes for a while after the funeral service in the church, and then the mourners sit in the trucks and go to the place of burial.
the cemetery held a farewell to the dead, after which the coffin lid shut and with the help of ropes or towels lowered into the grave.Relatives and members of the funeral procession throw a handful of earth on the coffin, and then depart, and the work is done by the gravediggers.
This is a heavy emotional moment for the family, so it is desirable that they are not watched as the coffin is lowered into the pit.Once the poured mound, family say goodbye to the deceased, placed flowers and wreaths, and the process goes to a memorial meal.Funeral
after the funeral
Orthodox traditions require mandatory after the funeral remembrance of the soul of the deceased joint meal.This occurs late in the building or in the ordered space.
joint meal combines memories of the living for the dead.Words and thoughts should be good, light, after death - this is the natural end of life.
Equally important is the food at the Orthodox funeral traditions.What are preparing a wake in the day of the funeral?Usually served a few dishes.The list is relatively constant, but the differences may occur due to otherness traditions of different regions.
often served kutyu first, and then some soup - borscht, cabbage soup, soup or noodles.On the second offer cereal or potatoes.Meals can be meat, and may be neskoromnymi and if held in remembrance of the days of fasting.The same can be fed fish or jelly.Ends memorial dinner kutey or pancakes, in some cases - pancakes.
Because alcohol is served wine or vodka, but this is not always done, and the number of such drinks have to be small.
Commemorating the ninth and fortieth day
ninth and fortieth day after the death of the Orthodox tradition are considered very important for the soul, because at that time it begins the ordeal.This means that the soul goes through the stage of repentance and remission of sins.During this period, be sure to order a funeral liturgy in several churches.The more prayers for the dead is read, the easier it is to pass this stage of the soul.
memorial dinner for the funeral (the Orthodox tradition, 9 days) consists of the same dishes as in the funeral.Served they are equally strict order to all memorial days.
fortieth day is considered significant because the soul leaves this world forever.Order Liturgy Prayers or required in several churches, should also hold a memorial meal.
Terms wear mourning for the dead depends on its age and sex.In mourning the elderly are up to forty days.When breadwinners die - a father or mother, for him skorbeyut during the year.For the widow or widower is defined as the right to wear mourning clothes colors up to one year.