Dionysius, "Celestial Hierarchy".

In the Acts of St. Luke tells us that many of the audience believe in Jesus Christ in the hour when his sermon was read by the Apostle Paul.And one of them was Dionysius.But why did the narrator as he singled out?

Dionysius before the adoption of Christianity

is said in legend that this man was the first dignitary sage and Greece.Areopagite he was named because it was chaired by the Supreme Court in Athens - Areopagus.Ever since the founding of the councils were transferred to Solon for a final decision most complex cases from all the republics of Greece and policies, as well as from many Roman cities and regions.Dionysius, as they say, was the most eloquent of all the speakers, the most visionary of all astronomers, profound philosopher, the most fair and truthful of all the judges.This was a man endowed with all the virtues.Handling such a famous person in Christianity has become a very important asset to the nascent Church.

After the adoption of Christianity

Under the leadership of the Pri

mate of the Church of Athens Hierotheos Dionysius briefly studied Christianity and seem so impressive gains that the Apostle Paul ordained him a bishop instead of the Hierotheos, who left Athens to spread the word of Christin other countries.Naturally, the Church of Athens under the direction of the new bishop began to develop rapidly.However, just in the fifty-eighth year of our Lord, Dionysius went to the city of Jerusalem, which were collected by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, the apostles and their associates from all other countries.Therefore, the bishopric of Athens he had to leave quickly.

Missionary activity

In Jerusalem, the inspired speech of the Holy Apostles, the vision of the Assumption, sight of Calvary, and other shrines made experience Dionysius so strong inner experiences, he decided to leave forever the fatherland and their relatives and to go to preach the gospel in heathen lands.He returned to Athens just to take a few clerics.Then his path lay in Western Europe, where idolatry flourished, where he praised the word of Jesus Christ, with signs and wonders.He illuminates the light of the Gospel Italy, Spain, Germany and Gaul, while in Paris, the one hundred and tenth year of our Lord, passed away.The third of October the Church celebrates the memory of this famous figure of early Christianity, as Saint Dionysius.

Hoax or not?

At the end of the fifth century in Syria, an unknown Christian writer has published a number of treatises on theology in the Greek language.These works were based on the biblical tradition and the philosophy of neo-Platonism.Interestingly, they were released under the name of the author of "Dionysius".Is it a hoax?It is difficult to say for sure.However, many researchers are inclined to believe that this is still a hoax, and prefer to call the author of the treatise called "Pseudo-Dionysius."

Works Areopagite

Housing Works includes five books.The treatise, which allegedly wrote Dionysius, "On Divine Names", contains arguments about definitions and titles that are in the Bible for conversion to God ("Good", "Single", "Jehovah," "the Ancient of Days," "King of Kings").The author tries to explain theologically sacred meaning of these names.In another treatise, titled "On the mysterious theology," according to the superiority of God over all that a person can express in words.Therefore, God is above being and unity, and that shows in their arguments Dionysius.Some of the most interesting theological treatises for his time, and now - "On the Divine Names" and "mystical theology."Dionysius - the author whose books can crown the collection of any person who is interested in Bible and theology.There is also the book "On the Church hierarchy", which describes the daily life of the Church - priests ranks (deacon, priestly and episcopal), the sacraments (Baptism, Confirmation and Eucharist), funeral and wedding ceremonies, state penitents and catechumens.But the most famous treatise, who wrote Dionysius - "Celestial Hierarchy".It is worth looking in more detail.

book "Celestial Hierarchy┬╗

This work has a very interesting place.In this work, there is some evidence from the Gospel and the Apocalypse of St. John.This suggests that this work was written not earlier than the beginning of the first century after Christ are not in Athens, but in the Western countries.The book itself is divided into fifteen chapters.First of all, before you tell of the heavenly mysteries, Dionysius first praying to the Lord to give him comprehend the symbols under which the sacred Scripture presented angels and their ranks.Then, explains the need for themselves as the characters in the description of religious rites, and the angelic ranks, because our mind is not capable of any other way to get into these mysteries.But you can not take these symbols literally, as the divine world - the disembodied.Incidentally, the same Dionysius says of the divine names - it's all abstract symbolic display of a manifestation of the Lord.

concept hierarchy.Dionysius

┬źCelestial Hierarchy" - labor, which is actually the founder of Christian Science angelology, which later migrated to the occult and "white magic."This area deals with the study of the angels, their functions ranks and interact with them.After the above examples and explanations given in his treatise on the notion of a hierarchy as a sacred relationship between different ranks, which has the aim of assimilation potential top (meaning Creator) through education, clarification and improvement of themselves and their subordinates.Accordingly, the entire hierarchy of angels (messengers) - a pyramid on top of which is the Lord himself.

Angelic ranks

Actually, the name "Angel" is in the works of the author, as Dionysius, only to lower the heavenly ranks, but may still be some way correlated with higher, as they have all the powers of the lower.Holy hierarchy is divided into three levels.The first - the Cherubim, Seraphim and Thrones.In the second - dominion, power and authority.In the third - the Archangels, the Angels started.In total there are nine ranks.Features of the first (highest) level are interpreted based on their names.Seraphim - flaming, Cherubim - wise, Thrones - are directly from the throne of God (as they say on, receiving from him the purity and perfection).Authority, power and dominion (following grades) are also disclosed because of their names.It is said that they improved and enlightened by the insights bestowed by a higher ranks, as well as transfer them to a lower.Divine Providence, moving from one messenger to another, eventually weakens.Principalities, archangels and angels as the chief of the human institutions and people to patronize.Then, in his work Saint Dionysius describes and explains the symbols that are used in Scripture to describe the kingdom of heaven.