sustainable development of enterprises (economic organization) is considered as the quality of its operation when it is able to maintain its economic independence and integrity, and achieve goals in terms of objectively existing periods of growth, maturity and decline in accordance with its lifecycle.
From a formal point of view within the system concepts of sustainable development and improving the efficiency of administrative decisions are based on the interaction of processes to ensure local stability of the system at any given period of its operation and the formation of the development goals.Objective assessment of the effectiveness of management decisions involves the use of a particular concept of sustainable development of economic systems in practice.This in turn requires achieving high-equilibrium state of the system.It is obvious that the methods of evaluating the effectiveness of management decisions, as well as the enterprises themselves, differ in terms of development and sustainability.
Level C - a poorly operating enterprises (systematically losing or facing serious difficulties).They are characterized by disturbances of production processes and the impossibility of organizing a normal reproduction process.Reproduction is not provided due to irretrievable loss of resources.The primary task here - above all a comprehensive and objective assessment of the effectiveness of management decisions, establishment of simple reproduction by improving the organization of production and management in the framework of the adopted strategy of production (production program);the main criterion - the optimization of costs and production volumes in the current period.The process of improving the existing structure has its limits, so if you can not get satisfactory results in the short term should be more profound changes, using the systems engineering process.
at levels presented satisfactory operating company ("middling", has stable performance within a small deviation from the level of break-even).They are characterized by a situation where revenues cover costs, there is a simple reproduction.The task - to ensure the expanded reproduction through the selection and optimization of the production program for the medium term, of the priority measures to improve production;criterion - the optimization of costs and revenues in the medium term.
enterprises with good performance (industry leaders), represented at the level of A. They are characterized by the most favorable state of internal processes, the main efforts are directed to the analysis of prospects for the development and selection of long-term strategy.This involves the development, evaluation and selection of development programs on a competitive basis, selection criteria - capital growth and strengthening market position in the long term, the method of implementation - continuous monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness of management decisions in the current mode.
Given the low level of efficiency of a number of enterprises and their transition to sustainable development is not possible without the stage of rehabilitation, iewithout the development and implementation of measures aimed at their financial health, providing competitive products (services), and improving the functioning of what is objectively precedes an adequate assessment of the effectiveness of management decisions.Changes in the rehabilitation process is usually associated with the restructuring.The objects of the restructuring in the enterprise can be: organizational and legal form, the control system, manufacturing, property of the company, human resources and finance.In addition to the facilities appropriate to allocate the required levels of restructuring, having some connection with the initial level of economic stability of the enterprise.
In the case of diagnosis of the initial state as a low-level equilibrium or nonequilibrium program on enterprise restructuring should include additional measures to eliminate unstable state, and the transition to high-level equilibrium.For this reason, the recommended program of measures is a common framework, based on the proposed concept of sustainable development of the economic system and thus binding on all entities, regardless of their status, and expansion of enterprises and tailored to their level of development.In the case of diagnosing the state of disequilibrium program on enterprise restructuring should include blocks of activities at all three levels (A, B, C), targeted at different planning horizons, but having a single point of reference - at the moment.The structure of groups of activities, depending on the original condition of the enterprise:
Content measures restructuring
stability Long-term Short-term Medium-term
With unit 1 (T1) Unit 1 (T2) Block 1 (TOR)
unit 2 (T1), unit 2 (T2)
unit 3 (T1)
in block 1 (T1) Unit 1 (T2) Block 1 (TK)
unit 2 (T1), unit 2 (T2)
A block 1 (T1) Unit 1 (T2) Block 1 (TK)
Despite the fact that the arrangements the block 3 (T1) within the scope of current activity, they simultaneously prepare the base for the start of work on a deeper restructuring of the company.Thus, the program of measures for sustainable development includes activities focused on different planning horizons, but having a single point of reference - at the moment.One of the major difficulties in the implementation of measures identified - to overcome the psychological barrier of the leadership of the company to the top of the medium- and longer-term changes because the current turmoil takes with him all the time and effort.
result of the restructuring should be the formation, regardless of the initial level of stability of the company at the beginning of the changes.Thus, the program is a multi-level system of adaptive behavior of the company in a competitive environment, aimed at achieving entrepreneurial success.