When viewed from above, Halong Bay with its rocky peaks, sprouting from the emerald waters, similar to the wonderful work of art, created things by the Creator.Investigating it, you feel lost in the fantastic world of stone islands forming the fantastic beauty of the sea landscape.Due to the characteristic of the relief most of the islands are uninhabited and virtually untouched by human activity.
Halong Bay, located in the Gulf of Tonkin, bordering the East China Sea (east), has an area of just over 1,500 square kilometers.It is the center of a large area, including Bai Tu Long Bay (north-east) and Cat Ba Island (north-west).All areas have similar geographical, geological, geomorficheskie, climatic and cultural characteristics.The coastline is 120 kilometers.This part of the country, located near the border with China, known as the Dong Bac (Northeast Vietnam).Halong Bay - the area of residence of many fishing communities, including the four municipalities (Kyavan, Kongtau, Vongveng, Bahang) with
Geologists explain the formation of karst landscape steeped as follows: in the Paleozoic era (between 543 and 250 million years ago) the place was in the open sea.At the same time formed a thick layer of sediment.As a result of crustal movements, pushes the seabed formed rocky system.Rain and groundwater flows in the course of geological time hew numerous caves.The collapse of some caves complement the formation of fabulous scenery, composed of a group of conical peaks (fengkong), rising by an average of 100 meters (sometimes more than 200 meters) above sea level, and isolated pinnacles (fenglin) in height from 50 to 100 meters.Many of them have almost vertical walls on all sides and continue to change as a result of falling rocks and boulders.
extensive limestone cave, which is characterized by Halong Bay, are divided into three main types.Older phreatic formed below the water table, ancient karst formed at the foot of the rocks due to lateral erosion, and sea - at sea level.Erosion due to constant successive progressions and regressions of the sea - another important factor in addition to the natural process of erosion of the rocky islands.The main trench dug along the entire length of the rocky coast - a wonderful illustration of this.Gutters are a common sign of the rocky slope to the world, but Halong Bay with its spectacular formations in different places in the form of arches and caves - especially revealing.Big Island distinguishes an abundance of lakes.
One of the most famous - Ba Ham on Dau Be.This lake system, encased in rock from all sides, consisting of three major ocean basins, connected by narrow and winding cave tunnels.At the entrance to the first visitors are greeted by a forest of stalactites and stalagmites forming bizarre images of different sizes and colors.On the island grow several species of orchids, fig trees, palm trees.Among the representatives of the animal world the main inhabitants - golden monkeys, flying squirrels, bats, several species of birds.Although the Dow Be located on the shoreline at a distance of almost 25 kilometers, it is one of the main tourist areas in the region.
to enjoy the magnificent nature of the terrain, you can join a cruise tour.Many travel agencies offer tours are not only on the bay, as well as in Haiphong and Hanoi.In general, Vietnam is one the most recommended routes for tourists - it is Halong Bay.Hotels in major cities, which are home to tourists, also offer booking cruises.