Belgorod is a modern Russian city.Located in the southeastern part of Europe.It is the administrative and economic center of the Belgorod region.From the capital city is located 700 km.Right washed tributary of the Don.Located in close proximity to the border with Ukraine (40 km).
Formation nationality Belgorod
first settlement arose on the site of the so-called Northern settlement, located between the rivers Seversky Donets and Vezelitsy.On this territory during Romenskaya mountain cultures lived Slavs.However, in the 10th century their villages were looted and burned pechenegy.
foundation of the city was laid in 1593.This is evidenced by the numerous works of Russian and foreign historians.While the population of the city of Belgorod consisted of northerners and partly Poles and Greeks.Nevertheless, many Soviet textbooks basis of modern settlement dates to September 1596.Then, the 11th king of Fyodor Ivanovich signed a decree on founding a border fortress at the edge of town.
Since 1658 the city
In 1917 on the territory of Soviet power was established.Next spring, he was captured by the German occupiers.After the war, the demarcation line passed just north of Belgorod.As a result, the city was again given to the Ukrainian State.In late 1918, the whole area became part of the Russian Federation due to the effectiveness of combat operations of the Red Army.
10 years later, the city became the center of the same district.At that time, the population of Belgorod was about 900 thousand people.For a long time the city was transferred from one province to another, but never has been renamed.In 1935 he became an independent administrative unit, but was obliged to submit to the Executive Committee of the Kursk.
During World War II in the vicinity of fierce fighting with the fascist invaders.Double-district was occupied by the Germans.It was only in August 1943, a joint Soviet army finally rebuffed the enemy forces.By the time Belgorod was almost completely destroyed.Survived only a few small zdaniy.V late 1950 the authorities decided to destroy the region was a major historical value of the region - Belgorod Kremlin.Today, in his place being chalky development.
modern city is the development of scientific, economic and cultural center of Central Black Earth region of Russia.
Belgorod is located on Upland.The right border of the city is represented by the river Seversky Donets.The name of the settlement comes from its geographical position - White Mountain.We can say that the city was built on its slopes along the river floodplain Vezelki.Located just south of the old guard mounds.On the map the city presented a slightly elongated rectangle, the corners of which are directed to the cardinal.
Belgorod is in the black earth region.A large part of the border regions - forest-steppe lands.The relief is plain with minor erosion hills up to 200 meters.Thanks to this city is built every year faster and higher.
The climate is temperate.In winter - cool in summer - dry hot weather.Because of the flat terrain Strong winds are rare.Relative humidity - 76%.
city is divided into two large districts.Such boundaries were formed in the early 1990s.Eastern District submitted by the Sverdlovsk region.It contains more than 200 streets and avenues, about 400 companies and various institutions.Belgorod population in this region is about 180 thousand chelovek.Zapadny District is almost 2 times more than Eastern.He is represented by the Oktyabrsky district.Much more economically developed.This is a direct impact on this demographic indicator is the number.Belgorod population here exceeds 220 thousand people.
Each of the districts has its own heating and power stations, authorities and budget.It is worth noting that in the near future it is possible the separation of the third district - the South.The fact that the city every year growing territorially, and with it the population.
Today Belgorod created 27 administrative councils of local deputies.These authorities are subject to the city executive committee.
This territorial association collected 5 districts.The largest of them are Korochansky and Belgorod.Also in the metropolitan area includes Borisov, Yakauleuski and Shebekinsky areas.In addition, the regional territory includes such towns as reasonable, Strelets, North, Oak, tee, May and so on. The total population included outskirts - about 600 thousand people.For the rapid expansion of the agglomeration of Belgorod authorities allocated special areas for individual construction.The aim of the program is the development of the region and the settlement of new families.In such areas it was launched line of public transport, renovated roadway.Every year growing agglomeration of 8-10 thousand inhabitants.At the same time the city expanded and Belgorod.
climate is favorable, as the economic background, so the city is regularly visited by the new settlers.At the beginning of 2014 Belgorod was part of the 50 most densely populated cities in Russia.
number of local residents has grown and is growing every year.Even in the late 19th century, the population of Belgorod was 22 900 people.Most of them represented the lower classes, and only a third were from the genus burghers and merchants.
in 2010 marked a record fertility rate - 3903 children.And it is at the lowest level of mortality in the country.In addition, demographic and population increases due to the influx of immigrants from Ukraine and other former Soviet countries.In 2014, the birth rate again surprised - more than 5,200 children.Also decreased by 0.7% mortality rate.So how many people Belgorod was in 2014?Its population was 379.5 thousand people.The index of fertility exceeded 11.4 points.The mean age - 40 years.
The population of Belgorod today
As of January 2015 only in the regional center of the demographic factor increased by 1.2%.Again, it is worth noting the impact of fertility on the numbers.Population Belgorod to early 2015 amounted to more than 384.4 thousand people.
Over the past four years recorded a significant increase in the natural population.According to statistics, 47% of infants were second or subsequent children.The remaining percentage belongs to young families with one child.The mortality rate each year slowly umenshaetsya.K summer 2015 population according to preliminary estimates amounted to about 386.5 thousand.Today, the city has a program to motivate young families on the birth of second and subsequent children.
The population of Belgorod: figures
Throughout the known history of the city demographics fell only 7 times.The most dramatic jump was marked in 2002, when the population of Belgorod was 337 thousand people.Then figure exceeded the 1.5% fall.The population has decreased in comparison with 2001, nearly 5000 people.The reason for this was a significant outflow of workable population in major cities of Russia and Ukraine.
is interesting that the first record of the demography of the region were made in 1626.Then Belgorod population was only 5 thousand people.The lowest number in the history of the city was in 1801 - 3462 inhabitants.
population of the Belgorod region
Population density is about 57 people. / Sq km.In 2015 the population is equal to 1.55 million.Two-thirds of the total - the inhabitants of the cities, and the rest - the surrounding villages.It is worth noting the overall dynamics of growth of the past 90 years.In 1926, the population is 896,000 people.Over the next 30 years, this figure has grown by almost 25%.By 1970, the number exceeded 1.3 million.With regards to migration indicators, they also grow with each passing year.Today, in the Belgorod region, in addition to Russians living 2.8% Ukrainians, Armenians 0.5%, remaining ethnic Turks, Azeris, Moldovans, Belarussians, Tartars, Bulgarians and others.
interesting that in the region there is a significant preponderance of female partpopulation over the male.