Each visit pregnant women in antenatal care begins with a weigh-in.The fact that weight gain is one of the indicators on which the gynecologists make conclusions about the course of pregnancy and fetal development.
Rates of weight gain during pregnancy are singletons within 6-18 kilograms.If a woman waits for double or triple the normal is considered to increase from 16 to 21 kilograms.
The rate of weight gain during pregnancy for mothers of different sizes are different.It is determined on the basis of body mass index, which is calculated as follows: pre-pregnancy weight in kilograms divided by height should be translated into meters and squared.For example, a woman's body mass index height 166 cm and weighing 60 kilograms is equal to 22 (60 weight divided by height squared 1.66).
The thinner a woman in early pregnancy, the greater the number of kilograms are allowed to dial it.Acceptable standards of weight gain during pregnancy can be seen in the following table:
Permissible gain kg
less than 18,5
Up to 6
What is included in the rate of weight gain during pregnancy?
woman's body prepares for the upcoming birth and during breast-feeding, it is actively accumulating fat and stores an amount of interstitial fluid, which will prevent dehydration during and after childbirth.If all those extra kilos translate into numbers, we shall see, of what there is weight gain:
- 3-4 kilograms - the child;
- 0,5-1 liter - amniotic fluid;
- 0,3-0,8 kilograms - the placenta;
- to 1 kilogram - the uterus;
- 1-1,4 liters - the blood, the amount of which increases during pregnancy;
- to 3 kilograms - glandular, fat and muscle tissue;
- to 2 liters - intercellular fluid.
What is the rate of control of weight gain during pregnancy?
The fact that a significant shortage of body weight can serve as a wake-up call.Perhaps the fetus is experiencing oxygen starvation, and not getting the right amount of nutrients, resulting in a full-term baby is born weighing less than 2500 grams.It can be physical and neurological abnormalities in development.In some cases, malnutrition mother may even provoke a miscarriage.For the woman is as important an adequate weight gain.If the entire pregnancy diet and restrict your diet, the body simply can not make the necessary adjustment, as a result have difficulty in childbirth, severe postpartum physical weakness, emotional stress and depression.There are significant problems with establishing lactation.
obese women should be the very first weeks of gestation the baby seen by a gynecologist, because they are at high risk of having a child with birth defects.Overeating and weight gain above normal during pregnancy can also harm the mother and crumbs.The extra kilos are a great burden for the spine, especially in the situation of the preparation of the body for childbirth, when bones and joints become more mobile.Excessive weight gain can cause a life-threatening condition as pre-eclampsia during pregnancy, or late toxicosis.Perhaps this is the main reason that gynecologists carefully monitor the weight of expectant mothers, and strongly recommend to stick to a special diet, if they see a gain in excess of the weekly rate.Women should not ignore such advice.Firstly, you can, as they say, "raskormit" the child will end up with tough and difficult birth.And second, then it will be difficult to put himself in that form, which the mother had before pregnancy.