Subjects of entrepreneurial activity.

Subjects of entrepreneurial activity, under the laws of the Russian Federation may be both individual citizens and entire commercial companies, with a legal entity.In addition, business in Russia, can carry residents of foreign states, persons without citizenship, as well as enterprises engaged in foreign investments.

Any Russian citizen who has reached the age of majority has the right to own property and to dispose of it, in its sole discretion, to create all sorts of organizations and, of course, engage in entrepreneurial activity.

note is the fact , that citizens, as entrepreneurs , may engage in business, without being, legal entities, and only by registering as a private entrepreneurs. Business entities , regardless of their status, operate according to the same law.Citizens who are engaged in business without forming, at the same time, a legal entity referred to small businesses.

status obliges the entrepreneur, get him a natural person to bear the full responsibility for its debts to t

he budget and private creditors.Those citizens who can not, for whatever reason, to pay off its debts to creditors, can be declared bankrupt on the basis of a court decision.After this procedure, they lose their status of the entrepreneur.Back debts to creditors of the property of the person declared bankrupt and are fed to the recovery in the sequence.First, to pay debts related to the injury to life and health of citizens, as well as child support.

As a business entity, except for some individuals, often serve commercial companies, all actions are aimed at making a profit from the results of their work.There are the following forms of business activity :

  1. By types of partnerships: general partnerships and limited.
  2. By types of companies: joint stock companies, additional liability companies and limited liability companies.Joint-stock companies may be both open and closed.

addition, there are also affiliated production is a continuation of the base structure and are on her addiction.For commercial organizations include, also, cooperative enterprises, state and municipal authorities.

Those organizations that, as a legal entity not engaged in profit from its activities, called profit.The organizations of this type include the consumer cooperatives, religious or associations funded by the charity.

Business entities may be the recognition of a legal person, if they have property that is either in their personal property, or economic management (another option - in the operational management).Legal person has four legal characteristic:

  1. organizational unity.
  2. separate property.
  3. Ability to speak in court proceedings on their behalf.
  4. independent property responsibility.

In conclusion, it should be noted that the boundaries between the concepts of physical and legal persons are often arbitrary and are defined within the framework of existing legislation in each case.For example, the assignment of the status of a legal entity of any "organization" does not mean that behind this name hides a team of people.Business company, theoretically, can create and one man, with proper registration of the relevant documents.