Natural resources Germany: rivers, soil, plants and animals

German soil is well known not only for high quality production and good quality of life, but also a stable ecological situation.Natural resources Germany anxiously guarded by its inhabitants, and their rational use allows a country does not need to import too, despite the fact that a variety of resources in a given territory can hardly be called impressive.So, what are the soil, rivers, flora and fauna of this European country, and what are their characteristics?

Water Germany

biggest German river is the Rhine, which is fed by many tributaries from the Alps.Pool passes through the Slate Mountains, the North German Plain and reaches the North Sea.In the summer months the flood happens.It is associated with the melting of snow in the mountains.Impressive allow Rhine waterways navigable.Other rivers in Germany are often its tributaries, the few independent, for example, these include the Elbe and Weser.They are not affected by the number of alpine snow, so in times of drought, they become smaller.In th

e south of the Danube also flows heading eastward.Its pool is formed by tributaries originating in the Alps.Severe flooding in the summer months makes the Danube is not too suitable for shipping.These aquatic natural resources in Germany.Rich in rivers that country can not be called, but the difficulty of the Germans in this area do not.

Soils Germany

German territory is different enough variety in terms of land.Soil resources of Germany represented by sandstones in the north German plain, black earth in Thuringia and Bavaria in brown earth.The acid podzolic soils of the mountains are not suitable for agriculture, as well as large wetlands.Coastal areas may be suitable for the cultivation of vegetables after the reclamation.Brown forest soils are well suited for grazing or cultivation of forests.Thuringian black soil - the best place for plowing.These lands were formed deciduous forests, which today cut.Depending on the position and the steepness of the slope of the terrain, the soil in the Alps can be different, but in general, the higher the site is, the less it is suitable for agricultural crops.

Flora

discussing Germany's natural resources, it is impossible to forget about the flora.The country is densely populated, leading to a rather small number of indigenous forests and plantations predominance.On the territory it saves some areas of natural vegetation.Over the past decade, the locus of oaks and birches replaced tillage and pasture.In the lowlands preserved ancient beeches, and sandstones can be found pine.In the Alps there are fir and spruce.In the highest areas can detect lichens and mosses.The most extensive plant resources Germany presented flowering plant species.

Fauna

enumerating the various natural resources of Germany, it is worth mentioning the fauna.German territory does not differ a variety of exotic animals, though they can be found here a lot.For example, the most common are squirrels, foxes and wild boars.Often you can see roe deer, deer and deer.In forest clearings are found rabbits, rodents and rabbits, as well as numerous birds.In areas of alpine meadows marmots live in abundance.Previously, otters were abundant, but water pollution each year reduces the population.In the humid shores of the Baltic and North Seas are most common birds - ducks and geese.Here often can be seen on the roofs stork's nest.

Mineral Resources

Despite the fact that the mining industry is not leading, the raw material is of considerable importance for the country.Natural conditions and resources allow it to Germany to support themselves in many areas.For example, the German potash production is the largest in the world.The Ruhr and Saar basins also has deposits of coal.Extraction process is strictly regulated by EU policy, which guarantees the equality and free competition.Another feature that distinguishes the natural conditions and resources in Germany, is the spread of brown coal and lignite.Their use is economically advantageous.Production is carried out in the west of Cologne and close to Berlin and Leipzig.An important feature of the production is a concern for water supplies - the Germans take all necessary measures to preserve the ecological safety and use for industry, artificial ponds and an elaborate system of supply.

Environment

listing the natural resources of Germany briefly, is to pay a bit of attention and protection.The Germans have a lot of related traditions.For a long time here at the state level is regulated logging and hunting of animals.In Germany, there are thousands of protected areas and national parks.Due to the increased frequency of acid rain in West Germany adopted measures to control emissions.For example, German cars are equipped with special devices that can absorb harmful substances from the exhaust gas.Currently implemented a long-term and expensive environmental program which is designed not only to minimize emissions, but also to clear the sewage and water bodies of the country.