Until now historians argue about where the same was the largest tank battle of World War II.It is no secret that the story in many countries subjected to undue political influence.Therefore it is not uncommon that some events are praised, but some remain undervalued or even forgotten.Thus, according to the history of the USSR, the biggest tank battle of World War II occurred in Prokhorovka.It was part of the decisive battle, which took place at the Kursk Bulge.But some historians believe that the most grandiose confrontation armored two warring sides took place two years ago between the three cities - Brody, Lutsk and Dubno.The area came together two enemy armored armada, numbering a total of 4.5 thousand. Machines.
Counterattack second day
This is the biggest tank battle of World War II took place June 23 - two days after the invasion of German-fascist invaders on Soviet soil.It was then that the mechanized corps of the Red Army, which formed part of the Kiev Military District, were able to strik
plan of the Soviet command in the first place is to apply a severe blow from the flanks of the 1st Tank group of Germans, anxious to Kiev, in order to surround the first, and then destroy it.The hope for victory over the enemy given the fact that in this area, the Red Army had a solid advantage in tanks.In addition, the Kiev military district before the war was one of the strongest, and is therefore assigned the main role of the Executive retaliation in case of attack of Nazi Germany.It was here in the first place and was all military equipment, and in large quantities, and the level of training of personnel was the highest.
here before the war, there were 3695 tanks, while the German side advancing only eight hundred armored vehicles and self-propelled guns.But in practice, the seemingly perfect plan failed miserably.Rash, hasty and unprepared properly decision resulted in the largest tank battle of World War II, where the Red Army suffered its first major defeat, and so.
Confrontation armored mechanized
When Soviet troops finally got to the front, they immediately went into action.It must be said that the theory of war until the middle of the last century, these battles are not allowed, as the armored cars were considered the main instrument to break the enemy's defense.
«Tanks tanks are not at war" - such was the formulation of this principle, the total for both Soviet and for all the other armies of the world.Fight armor was designed anti-tank artillery or well-entrenched infantry.Therefore, developments in the area of Brody - Lutsk - Dubno totally broke all the theoretical concepts of military constructions.It is held the first major tank battle of World War II, during which Soviet and German mechanized units agreed with each other in a frontal attack.
defeat the Red Army lost the battle, and it was for two reasons.The first of them - the lack of communication.The Germans are very reasonable and actively use it.With respect, they coordinate the efforts of all the armed forces.Unlike the opponent, the Soviet command to control the actions of their tank units badly.So join the battle had to act at their own risk, moreover, without any support.
Marines were supposed to help them in the fight against anti-tank artillery, and infantry units instead, forced to run for armored vehicles, just do not keep up with the more advanced machines.The lack of overall coordination led to the fact that one body began the offensive, and the other - have moved away from their positions and started at this time to regroup.
The second reason for the failure
Another factor defeat Soviet mechanized corps under Dubno is not ready for a tank battle itself.This was a consequence of the same pre-war principle of "tanks and tanks do not fight."Besides mechanized corps were staffed for the most part armored infantry support, released in the early 1930s.
biggest tank battle of World War II by the Soviet side was lost due to the nature of Soviet military vehicles.The fact that light tanks, the armament of the Red Army, was a bulletproof or Ballistic armor.They are great for raids deep behind enemy lines, but they were completely unsuited for the breakthrough.Nazi command has taken into account all the weaknesses and strengths of their technology, to draw conclusions and failed to fight so to nullify all the advantages of Soviet tanks.
is worth noting that in this battle worked perfectly and the German field artillery.Typically, the average T-34 and KV heavy it was not dangerous, but light tanks represented a mortal threat.For the extermination of Soviet technology in the battle the Germans used 88-millimeter anti-aircraft guns, which are sometimes even pierced the armor of the new models of T-34.As for the light tanks, then from getting into their shells, they not only stopped, but "partially destroyed".
miscalculations of the Soviet command
Armor Red Army went into battle under Dubno completely naked from the air, so the German planes still on the march destroyed up to half of the mechanized columns.Most of the tanks was weak armor, it penetrated even turn fired from heavy machine guns.In addition, there was no radio, and the Red Army tank crews were forced to act according to circumstances and at its discretion.But, despite all the difficulties, they went into battle, and sometimes even win.
The first two days it was impossible to predict in advance who will win is the biggest tank battle of World War II.First, the scales always fluctuated: the success was the one, then the other side.On the 4th day of a Soviet tank crews have been able to achieve significant progress, and in some areas the enemy was driven back to 25 and even 35 km.But by the end of the day June 27 beginning to affect shortage of infantry, armor without which could not operate fully in the field, and as a result, part of the advanced Soviet mechanized corps were virtually destroyed.In addition, many units were surrounded and were forced to defend themselves.They did not have enough fuel, ammunition and spare parts.Most tankers, retreating, left almost intact technique due to the fact that they had neither the time nor the opportunity to repair it and take home with them.
Rout, bringing victory
Today, there is a perception that if the Soviets went on the defensive, it could delay the German advance, and even turn back the enemy.By and large, it's just a fantasy.Please note that the soldiers of the Wehrmacht at the time fought much better, besides, they have actively cooperated with other branches of the military.But this is the biggest tank battle during World War II is still played a positive role.It tore the rapid advancement of the fascist troops forced the Wehrmacht command and enter their reserve units intended for attack on Moscow, and this tore a huge Hitler's plan "Barbarossa".Despite the fact that there is still had a lot of heavy and bloody fighting, the battle of Dubno still much closer to the victory.
According to historical facts, the largest battle of the Great Patriotic War took place in the first months after the attack of the Nazi invaders.It must be said that the Smolensk battle - it's not a single battle, and really large-scale defensive-offensive of the Red Army against the Nazi invaders, which lasted 2 months and was held in the period from 10 July to 10 September.Its main objectives were to stop at least for a while, break the enemy forces in the direction of the capital, enable Headquarters to develop a more carefully organize the defense of Moscow, and thus prevent the capture of the city.
Despite the fact that the Germans had both numerical and technical superiority, the Soviet soldiers still managed to hold them near Smolensk.At the cost of huge losses, the Red Army halted the rapid advance of the enemy into the country.
Battle for Kyiv
major battles of World War II, which include and fighting for the Ukrainian capital, have been long-lasting.Thus, the siege and defense of Kiev took place from July to September 1941, Hitler, holding their positions near Smolensk, and believing in a favorable outcome of this operation, to transfer some of its troops in the direction of Kiev, as soon as possible to seize the Ukraine, and then - Leningrad and Moscow.
Filing of Kiev became a heavy blow to the country, as has been taken not only the city but also the entire country, is of strategic reserves of coal and food.In addition, the Red Army suffered considerable losses.According to estimates, it has been killed or captured about 700 thousand. Man.As you can see, the largest battles of the Great Patriotic War, which took place in 1941, ended with a loud failure of plans the Soviet high command and the loss of vast territories.Errors leaders are too costly for the country, which in such a short time, has lost hundreds of thousands of its citizens.
Defense of Moscow
such major battles of World War II, as the Smolensk battle was only a warm-up for the occupation forces, who sought to capture the capital of the Soviet Union and thus make the Red Army to capitulate.And it should be noted that they were very close to their goal.Hitler's troops have succeeded in almost come close to the capital - they were in the 20-30 km from the city.
IVStalin knew the brunt of the situation, so appointed GKZhukov, commander of the Western Front.In late November, the Nazis seized the town of Klin, and that their success ended.Leading German tank crews have gone far ahead, and significantly lagged behind their rear.For this reason, the front turned out to be highly stretched, which contributed to the loss of penetration of the enemy.In addition, severe frosts, it becomes part of the reason for the refusal of German armored vehicles.
As you can see, the first major battle of World War II showed an extreme lack of preparedness of the Red Army for military action against such a strong and experienced enemy.But despite the blunders, this time the Soviet command was able to organize a powerful counter-offensive, which began on the night of 5 to 6 December 1941 This rebuff German leadership did not expect.During this offensive the Germans were driven from the capital at a distance of 150 km.
Before the Battle of Moscow all previous major battles of World War II did not provoke the enemy of significant losses.During the battle for the capital of the Germans lost just over 120 thousand. Its troops.It was the first time at Moscow refute the myth of the invincibility of the Nazi Germany.
plans warring parties
second largest tank battle of World War II is an operation which was part of the defensive phase of the Battle of Kursk.Both Soviet and Nazi Command was clear that in the course of this confrontation will happen a radical change, and will be decided, in fact, the outcome of the war.Germans had planned a major offensive in the summer of 1943, the aim of which is to gain strategic initiative to turn the tide of this company in their favor.Therefore, in the headquarters of Hitler's previously developed and approved a military operation "Citadel".
Headquarters in Stalin knew about the enemy offensive and made a plan to counter that is timing the defense of the Kursk salient and maximum bleeding and vymatyvanii enemy factions.Then we calculated that the Red Army will be able to counter-attack, and later - to the strategic offensive.
second on the scale tank battle
July 12 near the railway station Prokhorovka, which was located 56 km from Belgorod, upcoming Panzer group was suddenly stopped counterattack taken by Soviet troops.When the battle began, at the tank, the Red Army was some advantage in the fact that the rising sun blinded advancing German troops.
In addition, extreme density combat fascist technique deprived of its main advantages - long-range heavy guns, which were virtually useless at such close range.But Soviet troops, in turn, had the opportunity to fire sighting and fall into the most vulnerable point of the German armored vehicles.
In the battle of Prokhorovka on both sides involved not less than 1.5 thousand. Pieces of equipment, not including aviation.Only one day fight the enemy lost 350 tanks and 10 thousand. Its troops.By the end of the next day succeeded in breaking through the enemy's defenses and go deeper in the 25 km.After that, the offensive of the Red Army was growing stronger, and the Germans had to retreat.For a long time it was thought that this episode of the Battle of Kursk represents the largest tank battle.
the Great Patriotic War were filled with fights, which were very hard for the whole country.But despite this, the army and the people with dignity to overcome all the trials.Battles described in this article, whatever they may be - successful or a failure, it is still dangerously close to winning a coveted and long-awaited by all of the Great Victory.