Boldin Autumn, in addition to the wonderful lyrics and transparent like pure autumn air, prose, gave us a small series of products, which has become one of the most important in the artistic heritage of Alexander Pushkin.This small-format, but it is very succinct in content and semantic load "Little Tragedies".
originality of the genre
consider the uniqueness of the genre and summary."Little Tragedies" Pushkin can be attributed to the dramatic philosophical works.In them the author reveals the different aspects of human characters, is studying a variety of twists and turns of the fate and internal conflicts.Each of the tragedy, on the one hand - a sketch of a certain type of personality in the moment of highest tension of its internal, spiritual and mental powers.And on the other - a kind of cross-section of a particular social group of people in the proposed historical epoch.The conflicts that are unfolding before us is not so much in the outside world as within themselves heroes - psychological
«Miserly Knight" - the first drama, which we consider the summary."Little Tragedies" Pushkin is not in vain start with her.The power of gold, money, wealth of the human soul - one of the strongest in the world.Baron, the main character of the drama, it has long turned into a morbid passion.Cold golden circles he replaced everything: family, relatives, friends, respect, knightly prowess, intellectual development and moral values.With trepidation, like so impatient passionately enamored young man down the hero in your cellar - a date with trunks.He remembers the history of every penny, was in his captivity.Without compassion, recalls the unhappy widow, molivshuyu not take away her last hours in the rain kneeling in front of his gate.But the heart Miserly long ceased to be human - to such legitimate idea makes us work even its summary."Little Tragedies" Pushkin show that if a person begins to serve the Golden Calf, it will inevitably deteriorate.The drama ends sadly: father and son fight a duel, and the last words of the Baron - no forgiveness and reconciliation, and the "Keys are my keys!" Perhaps Pushkin was the first among Russian writers so directly suggested the corrupting power of money in society, and it isIt was very topical for all of our art.
«Mozart and Salieri»
few other thoughts on this work pushes us even its summary."Little Tragedies" Pushkin acquire in the drama of global sound.The legend that the envious Salieri poisoned Mozart's genius gets here a different interpretation.It is not only and not so much envy Salieri favored by the public, critics, rich reached almost all of what dreamed.But he does not understand Mozart - as the divine in him a great talent combined with a light-headed, so childish attitude to life, to his vocation.Genius must work hard, every note of harmony to be produced it "sweat and blood."And Mozart's all turns joking, of course.He - the embodiment of light and joy of life, it - solar child art.This sunshine, this vital lightness and virtuosity Salieri and does not accept, they are contrary to all his views and theories regarding the creation.In the face of Mozart, or rather in his behavior and philosophy, he sees the face of everything they worshiped.Salieri - craftsman, Mozart - Master.His genius, he not only can show to what heights the ability to raise a creative person, and plunges into despair less talented.And the speed and ease with which Wolfgang writes, can ward off other musicians from the serious, thoughtful work on yourself and music.Hence, art will only benefit if Mozart would not.And Salieri ruining his friend's sake, as it seems, the highest justice and for the sake of art - this thought brings us examine the summary content."Little Tragedies" Pushkin, however, full of philosophical generalizations.And sentenced to Salieri words of the genius and villainy as the two things are incompatible.
«The Stone Guest" and "Feast or Famine»
Pushkin "Little Tragedies" (summary and analysis of which we are considering) built on the principle of reflection in each product varying facets of the soul.In the last two works he brought to the forefront of the characters that can challenge social prejudices, attitudes, traditions and even fate.Don Juan of "The Stone Guest", known in Spanish conqueror of female hearts, damn charming.He is brave, handsome, ready to unsheathe his sword and duel the devil himself, if that will affect him.He seems genuinely in love with Donna Anna - Commander's wife, who was killed by him.But Pushkin sees much deeper than that lies on the surface.And the writer reveals to us the cold calculation of the hero, his wicked selfishness, disregard moral standards and moral values, which are classified as universal.In the future exposure of individualism will be the main tasks of the Russian classical literature.
Alexander Pushkin "Little Tragedies" ends "feast during the plague."For example, he Walsingham praises bravery of people capable of in danger with her head held high to face death and humble before its terrible power.The struggle, not fear and obedience distinguish true identity.
can rightfully claim that "Little Tragedies" - a brilliant example of Russian psychological realism.