What is the "categorical imperative Emanuel Kant (Immanuel Kant)"?Philosophy - the science complex and confusing.However, let us be consistent and turn to the first theory.It is dry, gray, boring as stale bread.But bread is bread, it is the head of everything, it can not be disposed of, no matter how "impossible" it may seem.
So, I. Kant's categorical imperative - it formulated his "moral law" according to which man should "act so that the maxim of his conduct on the basis of his will could become a general law of nature."In other words, if a person seeks to join a truly moral, it must consciously approach to each of its judgments and actions, that is, before or after (preferably "before"), stop for a moment, freeze, get out of your body, move away from existing in the minds of stereotypesnorms and rules of conduct, discard the logic and give a true assessment of what is happening:
- whether your act, your judgment (the maxim of your conduct) to become one universal law;
- whether the person to whom isaddressed your act, or the highest value it is a means to achieve your goals;
- focused whether all your actions for the common good, for the good of all mankind.
last proposition sounds a bit pathetic, but here there is a "butterfly effect" - our every desire, thought, emotion, dream and hope, even in the form of microscopic lives, grows and spreads.Nothing disappears without a trace.And nobody knows how to respond and what will the soul of another person.So we must be careful and to take responsibility for each vibration inside, for every second of our lives, because it can change everything beyond recognition both in our lives and in the life of another person.
Emmanuel Kant's categorical imperative
And now the question "is it possible, is it possible to live, following an idea called" Kant's categorical imperative "?In his work, in his judgment the great philosopher invites the reader to join the joint discussion of the topic and look at yourself, the usual in all respects a man from a different perspective ...
According to the author, in every, even the most morally lowered manthere is some good will, the true morality, planted in us from birth.It is unconditional.It is perfect.For example, "mind, wit and power of judgment" or "courage, determination, commitment" - good and desirable qualities for any individual.But it with one hand.And the other?They may become extremely "bad and harmful" without the presence of good will.Too strong and unpredictable in human nature the desire of fun and enjoyment that our mind is put on a par with happiness.For example, today a person is kind and honest, because it looks good in the eyes of others, and such behavior gives him some "subtle" pleasure.And if tomorrow the good and honest action is on one side of the great temptation or threat to life?What to do in this case?Any property of character, every talent, whatever it may desire, deed or judgment is not true morality are not aimed at improving the spirit, and not for the benefit of mankind, and to meet the selfish needs of man.
However, we originally pledged in some higher principle does not promise that today or tomorrow we will become enlightened.It can only help in establishing us as a moral ideal.It is a burning torch in the hands of a man who lights his way.But where to go, in which direction, to whom and for what, the choice is ours, and it should be free.I choose one or the other way I act one way or another, my torch illuminates my way, and I see some of the stones I stumble, so I and I alone take responsibility for their lives.Of course, without hesitation and downs can not do, but they are followed by the rise of remorse and awareness of who you have in this world, and that there is a world around.And the man so voluntarily, knowingly, intelligently enters the path of obedience moral laws.This is the eternal circle, passing that a person becomes moral, and hence free.Thanks to him, man becomes free, and therefore moral.Thus, Kant's categorical imperative can not any day be effective.That is, according to the philosopher himself, that man must take as a basis, something to strive for, something to follow, because if you are elevated to the law of their actions duty both to individual person and to humanity as a whole, you act morally in the highestslova.Chto this sense we can say in conclusion?As they say, Kant's categorical imperative have a sixth proof of the existence of God.Why is that?Yes, because without faith in God, the essence of the teachings of the German philosopher is equal to zero.It rests on three postulates.The first - the belief in God as a symbol of the moral ideal to which to aspire, and only true faith in the Creator gives the realization that man is the highest value, for it is created in His image and likeness.The second - the immortality of the soul, because it is only in the long term infinity soul can fully implement the categorical imperative.And the third - the free will is nothing else than the will of the subordinate to moral laws.