Forms of ownership and classification

Many authors who study the form of property (including the forms of land ownership), faced with the fact that a uniform system of classification for this term is missing.Each author offers his own classification, which seems to him the most appropriate.First, we consider the form of ownership depending on the subject of ownership, ie,depending on the ownership of objects owned a particular subject.

Individual ownership implies a right of the individual to dispose of his property.The owner clearly knows and understands exactly what belongs to him.This form of possessiveness, in turn, is divided into personal and private.Personal property, usually implies that the owner uses and consumes the property himself or gives to others to use it for free.It follows that private property - these are objects sobstvennovaniya that are available for use by others for a fee.It is an economic category of private property, as it is it has an effective influence on the efficiency of the economy.

Collective property d

oes not belong to a particular individual and the group, community or group.Most often, this team is a legal entity (company), a public organization or a public agency.

public property - a property that belongs to everyone on an equal footing.With regard to this form of property is almost impossible, and it is not necessary to specify the owner.Public property - it is natural wealth, are not involved in social production: water, air, flora, fauna, etc.

But that property, which is involved in social production, belongs to the state.It can be information, working capital, etc., is the property that the will of the people under certain conditions handed over to the state authorities.Regional public ownership - it is something that belongs to the Federation.Communal and municipal property is transferred to local governments.Common forms of ownership involve the use of certain property values, etc.a group of people subject to the general rules established by law.

This classification is different from the one that is widely known and is registered in the Russian legislation.According to the latest, ownership in Russia following: private, municipal, state and other forms.

Private property is treated like any property which citizens and legal persons to freely dispose of and use for anyone, they need action.Free disposal is limited, in addition to the interests of the owner, only the general framework of laws and market conditions.State property includes the country's resources and the various objects that have state or defense implications.The municipal property are all urban and rural settlements, districts and regions.Other forms of property: the property of religious organizations, the property of foreign states on the territory of Russia, etc.

sostvennosti forms on earth are identical common forms of ownership.There are state, municipal and private property.State ownership of the land, in turn, is divided into the ownership of the Russian Federation (federal property) and property of the Russian Federation.