What is an ode?This word originally had a meaning: a lyric poem, performed by the choir and the music.Ode in ancient Greece did not differ somehow separate poetic genre.The word translated as "verse".Ancient authors divided them into three main categories: dance tune, miserable and praise.Ode - a form of expression, which often resorted to such brilliant figures of antiquity as Pindar and Horace.
first wrote epikinii - songs of praise to the fighters who won in the arena.The main objective of these poems were dubbed maintaining morale competitors.Their features - is underlined grandiloquence, solemnity and rich verbal ornamentation.Pindarovskaya ode - it is often difficult to grasp the poem enriched unmotivated associative transitions.After some time, this kind of poem was again deprived of the special "eloquence" and was seen as a paean.Roman writer Horace finally gone from the "lyrical disorder", typical of the art of the Greek Pindar.He writes without grandiloquence, all in a clear style, sometimes
ode as a genre of the poem after the fall of the ancient cultures that followed the destruction of the Roman Empire, long forgotten.To her back in the Renaissance, which was motivated by the desire to classicism.But there is a difference between the works of writers XVII-XVIII centuries and Antiquity.For example, the ancient Greek poets sang his odes, often with musical accompaniment and choreography.And therefore XVII-XVIII centuries they only read and write.However, like the ancient authors, they turned to a musical instrument - a lyre, while not holding it in his hands, the gods Apollo, Zeus, but, of course, did not believe in their existence.Thus, the poets of the Renaissance were largely followers.In addition, the odes of Greek poets have had far more feelings and impressions.Praising the winners, they did not forget to praise their fellow citizens and their ancestors.That was not enough Russian and European writers odes.The enthusiasm they express most often was artificial.Thus, we can say that, for example, the Lomonosov ode - it is only an imitation of the classics, not its reflection.It noted poet and Dmitriev, ridiculed such works in his satire "Alien sense."
In the Renaissance ode - is often a verse, designed to glorify rulers or generals.Besides Russia, the genre became popular in many European countries.These verses were usually long, pompous.For example, this was the "Ode to accession to the throne of Elizabeth," written by Lomonosov.
Over time, these stopped writing poems with artificial elements of construction.Gone mindless appeal to the lira and the Olympic gods.Nowadays ode - it is not a text replete with false and pompous phrases, and the natural expression of a genuine delight.The word itself is now rarely used.Instead of "ode" So often say "think", "anthem" or "song".