One of the most interesting phenomena in any language - set phrases, or idioms.What is the idiom?This steady phrase or expression, the importance of which is very difficult to guess from the components to him.They are very complicate the study and understanding of foreign languages in particular - because sometimes, even knowing the language at a decent level, when dealing with a native speaker who use such expressions, to understand the meaning of phraseology is not easy.Features phraseology in the fact that they tend to have historical or literary roots.
phraseologism is absolutely sustainable, any phrase that is used to refer to any notion, both orally and in writing.They are used in everyday speech, in works of fiction, in journalism, and are not allowed in official documents and scientific papers.All proverbs are phraseology - in fact, even though some are important components of their words, they represent very different.As a rule, everyone somehow use them in everyday life, not even thinking
In order to understand what the idiom, it suffices to consider a few common examples.One of them - "eat dog."It is a nice phrase, as we know, did not visit a Korean restaurant, and the absolute ownership of a person in any knowledge or skill.That, incidentally, is a vivid example of how you can phraseology puzzled foreigner.By the way, the Russian language in this regard, one of the richest and most complex: in the Russian dictionary of phraseology has more than two thousand of these revolutions, and yet it is believed that more or less productive dialogue enough to learn the five thousand words.So among other difficulties of our language, with which we ourselves somehow muddle we understand, the share of the brave foreigners who have decided to learn it, falls and is happiness.By the way, idioms are usually completely untranslatable and are relevant to only one language, even in related languages, they may not be entirely clear - they are only transferred through the transfer of the basic meaning, and that is not always successful.The exception is the so-called tracing paper, that is the literal transfer from one language to another is particularly beloved by someone, most likely, a writer or a poet, expressions.
Or remarkable synonyms "play the fool" and "twiddle" and many similar expressions of value.By the way, idioms can, like any other thing to be synonyms or antonyms.Antonyms data will "work hard as a dad Carlo" or, for example, "work hard".
All the words that make up the idiom, are one part of a sentence and writing are usually not separated by punctuation marks.
Idiom - an interesting linguistic phenomenon that deserves careful study.Without them it would have been much land and would not have the prodigious number of shades of meaning, which ensures their use.It does not matter whether or not we know what the idiom - important is that we use them, jokingly or seriously, in accordance with of direct or figurative meaning, and from this it becomes richer and more varied.