After the collapse of the Soviet Union, two major nuclear powers left in the world, namely the United States and the Russian Federation, the first years were in the Strategic nirvana.The leadership and people of both countries appeared a false impression about the coming peace, guaranteed for decades.Americans believed their victory in the Cold War so convincing that the idea of further confrontation is not allowed.Russian losers themselves are not expected to feel myself equally-friendly as people voluntarily joined the Western democratic values scale.Both are wrong.Very soon in the Balkans civil war broke out, the outcome of which played a decisive role American weapons.
US leadership considered a success in the dismemberment of Yugoslavia good omen.It went further, seeking to establish a complete hegemony, allowing to dispose of the material resources of planet-wide scale, and suddenly stumbled in the beginning of the third millennium, the resistance of Russia, the country that has the will a
before the war and during the
the eve of World War II the United States had been a peaceful country.The US army did not differ multiplicity, and its technical equipment was fairly modest.In 1940, a Congressman boasted that he had seen all the armor of the armed forces of its powers: "All 400 tanks!" - He proudly declared.But even then, some types of weapons to give priority to serious achievements of American designers were observed in the field of aviation.As America entered the war, with a powerful fleet, which included an armada of strategic bombers B-17 long-range fighters "Mustang" and "Thunderbolt", other examples of fine aircraft.By 1944 the United States in the Pacific have begun to apply the latest B-29, out of reach for the Japanese air defense.Impressive, and the US Navy, a powerful aircraft carrier and able to crush off-shore facilities.
American weapon of World War II were supplied to the USSR under the Lend-Lease program, and this concept was part of dual-purpose equipment.Lovely trucks "Studebaker" Jeeps "Willis" and "Dodge three-quarter" enjoyed well-deserved respect drivers of the Red Army, and to this day are remembered with kind words.US military weapons, there is a means of direct destruction of the enemy, estimated not so unequivocally.Fighter "Cobra", which fought the famous ace I. Kozhedub, has a truly titanic fire power, excellent maneuverability and unparalleled ergonomics, which, combined with strong motor obsession helped many aerial victories.I considered a masterpiece of engineering and transport "Douglas".
tanks made in the US, evaluated fairly low, they were outdated both technologically and morally.
Korea and 50s
American weapons of land forces of the postwar decades, virtually no different from that to which the US Army fought against Nazi Germany and militarist Japan.In practice, they were the same "Sherman", "Wilis", "Studebakers," ie, samples of armored vehicles or outdated or excellent transport technology, created by Detroit's automotive industry.Another thing - aviation.Included in the race aerial vehicles, the company "Northrop", "General Dynamics", "Boeing" have achieved a lot, using the technological superiority achieved in those years, when Europe (and not only) raging flames of war.The US Air Force was adopted by the biggest in the history of the strategic bomber B-36, ironically called "peacekeepers".It was good and jet interceptor "Sabre".
lag in the field of fighter aircraft soon overcame the USSR, Soviet tanks for decades were undoubtedly the best in the world, but in many other areas of American weapons surpassed Soviet.In particular, this concerned the Navy, has a greater tonnage and devastating fire capabilities.A main factor in becoming a nuclear warhead.Home
In the present arms race began after the appearance in the arsenals of the US and the Soviet Union a large number of nuclear charges and their delivery to the target.Once in the sky Korean has been convincingly proved the vulnerability of the piston strategic bombers, the parties have focused on other methods of nuclear strikes, as well as technologies of their parry.In a sense, this deadly ping-pong continues to this day.At the dawn of the arms race, even as joyful events in the history of mankind, as the launch of the satellite and Gagarin's flight, in the eyes of military analysts acquired apocalyptic overtones.It was clear that in the case of a large American weapons of war, even the most modern, can not play the role of a deterrent.Soviet missiles to repel the attack at the time was simply nothing, could only deterrence to guarantee a retaliatory strike.And the number of warheads is continuously growing, and the tests were held constant, then in Nevada, then in Svalbard, the near Semipalatinsk, the Bikini Atoll.It seemed that the world had gone mad, and vigorous steps moves toward its inevitable destruction.Fusion (or hydrogen) bomb appeared in 1952, less than a year the Soviet Union had already filed its response.
Another illusion that arose at the dawn of the Cold War, was that the fear of nuclear apocalypse local wars become impossible.In a sense, this is true.US nuclear weapons aimed at large industrial and military areas of the USSR, the Soviet leadership acted on as sobering as J.. Kennedy missiles deployed in Cuba.Open military conflict between the two superpowers did not happen.But the horror did not prevent the inevitable end of humanity almost continuously at war.Best American weapons supplied pro-Western allies, the United States and the Soviet Union almost always responded to these actions "render fraternal assistance" one or the other freedom-loving peoples struggling against imperialism.It should be noted that the practice of the (often unpaid) supply of friendly regimes was terminated before the collapse of the Union because of the economic problems arising.However, while the allies of the USSR and the United States were at war with each other, analysts had no doubts about the relative parity of weapons systems superpowers.In some cases, the domestic defense industry demonstrated superiority over overseas.American firearms for reliability inferior Soviet.
why the US does not attack the Russian Federation?
Unlike the enterprises of the Soviet and Russian defense industry, which the owner has always been predominantly government, US companies producing weapons, are privately owned.Military budgets (or rather, their ratio) suggest that the US military should be the most powerful in the world.The history of the last decades leads to the inevitable conclusion that they deliberately used against a weak opponent in the case of dissatisfaction with the US administration policy of a State, being declared an outlaw.The budget of US forces in 2014 amounted to the astronomical sum of 581 billion dollars.Russian figure is much more modest (about 70 billion).It seems that the conflict is inevitable.But it is not, and it is not expected, in spite of serious friction against the superpowers.This raises the question of how the US Army weapons better than the Russian.And in general - whether it is better?
Judging by all indications, superiority (at least, overwhelming) in the United States at the moment is not, in spite of the huge amount of military spending.And the explanation is.It consists in the main goals and objectives of the American military-industrial complex.
How does the American military-industrial complex
's all about the private ownership.US arms manufacturers are interested to observe the basic laws of capitalist society, whose main shrine is His Majesty's profit.Technical solutions requiring low material costs, even brilliant, usually rejected on the vine.The new American weapons to be expensive, technologically rich, complex, have an impressive appearance to taxpayers could admire it, to make sure that their hard-earned money spent.
there are no large-scale war, the effectiveness of these models to estimate difficult (if not impossible).But against an opponent weak in technical terms (such as Iraq, Yugoslavia, Libya or Afghanistan), the use of the wonders of technology in general win-win.With a strong opponent of the US Army to fight, apparently, is not going to.At least, the technical preparations for an attack in the near future to China, India or Russia, it does not.But spending budget funds for promising American secret weapon - a win-win deal, but very profitable.The general public promise hypersonic missiles, drones fantastic.Recent already have, such as "Predator" in shock and reconnaissance variant.True, it is unknown whether they will be effective in the face of opposition powerful defense.Over Afghanistan and Libya, they were relatively safe.Latest invisible hooks "Raptor" is also not tested in battle, but they are so expensive that even the US budget can not withstand.
main trend of recent decades
already mentioned relaxation occurring after the victory in the Cold War, prompted change the structure of the US military budget spending in favor of the preparation for a series of local wars, planned to achieve a new geopolitical landscape, favorable to the US and NATO.The nuclear threat from Russia since the beginning of the 90s completely ignored.Weapons of the American army was created in view of the application in such conflicts by their nature are close to police operations.The advantage given to the tactics at the expense of strategic.US and now holds the world championship on the number of nuclear warheads, but mostly they are made for a long time.
Despite the fact that their life prolonged (eg "Minuteman" - until 2030), confidence in their perfect condition is not even the most cheerful optimist.New missiles in the United States to develop a plan to begin in 2025.The Russian government, meanwhile, do not miss the opportunity to improve their nuclear shield.Against the backdrop of the backlog arose American leadership is attempting to create a system capable of intercepting ICBMs, and try to move up as close as possible to the borders of the Russian Federation.
US missile complexes
According to the overseas strategy is most likely opponent in the proposed global conflict should be surrounded on all sides by means of detecting and intercepting ICBMs that are combined into a single complex.Ideally, Russia should get into and under the kind of "umbrella", woven from invisible satellite orbit and radar beams.The new American weapons have been placed on many bases in Alaska, Greenland, the British Isles, it is continuously being upgraded.The extensive system of warnings about a possible nuclear strike based on radars AN / TPY-2, located in Japan, Norway and Turkey, countries with common borders or closely adjacent to Russia.Early warning system "Aegis" is installed in Romania.Under the program SBIRS into orbit as planned 34 satellites are output.
All these preparations wasted space (both literally and figuratively) funds, but their real effectiveness is questionable due to the fact that Russian missiles can overcome the most advanced missile defense system - both existing and create,and even planned.
«Trunks" to export
Approximately 29% of world exports of defense products takes American advanced weapons."On the heels of" the United States comes Russia with its 27 percent.The reason for the success of domestic producers lies in simplicity, efficiency, reliability and relative cheapness of available products.In order to promote their goods, Americans have to act in different ways, including the use of political influence on the government of the importing countries.
times for the foreign market developed simpler and cheaper models.Deserved success in many countries in favor of the American small arms, which is a modification in most cases, the time-tested and battle experience samples consisting in service since the Vietnam War (rapid-fire rifles M-16, M-18).The latest "trunk" are considered to be developed in the 80's P-226 pistol, assault rifle, Mark 16 and 17 and other good design, but according to their popularity, "Kalashnikov" is far in force, again, their high cost and complexity.
«Javelin" - US anti-tank weapons
Application guerrilla combat techniques, the complex nature of the theater of modern warfare and the emergence of compact portable tools have revolutionized the tactical science.The fight against armored vehicles has become one of the most important tasks.In connection with the expansion of the geography of local conflicts in the world could increase demand for US anti-tank weapons.The reason for this shift is the import of channels mostly not in the superiority of the Russian overseas models, it lies in political motives.Greatest known recently received RPTK "Javelin" in connection with the negotiations on the possible supply of them from the US to Ukraine.The new complex is 2 million. $ And includes sighting and launcher system and ten missiles.The Ukrainian side agrees to purchase second-hand units, but at the price of 500 thous. $.The negotiations would end and whether the transaction will take place is still unknown.