Climbers like rock climbing, book lovers prefer to climb on library shelves, and we climbed into the dictionaries, to find out how did the correct verb to use: climbing or climbing.
Origin and shades of meaning
This word comes from the Old Slavonic language.His form and we meet in the Ukrainian and Bulgarian and Czech, and Serbo-Croatian languages.Synonyms token "climb" (or "climb") explains its significance: to move, crawl, climb, climbing, clinging.In the dictionary, Vladimir Dahl, there are numerous examples of the expressive use of these two words.You can climb or climb onto the roof and into the cellar, trees and debris.The verb use and when they want to say about the penetration of somewhere more than once: to climb cellars, climb into other people's gardens.Another shade of meaning: to penetrate to climb hands into something locked or buttoned: climb into the pocket to the buffet.Sometimes the verb use in a figurative sense.For example: Why do you climb into my business ?However, in these cases, the verb used is substantially the infinitive, and personal manner.
Climb or climbing: how to write and speak?
According to current norms of the Russian language, both words can be considered correct.In the dictionary Dahl, Ephraim, Ushakov Reznichenko no difference in how to say and write: to climb or climb these infinitives equal.Only Ozhegov slightly violated their equality: the verb climb referred to as conversational.With this nuance literary norm allowed for high style, is only one word - "climb".Often it also happens that in trying to find a dictionary word "climbing", we see a reference to the verb "climb" and have it read by the information.
Word-twins are remarkable by the fact that belong to different conjugations, and therefore have different personal endings.To conjugate verbs, you can learn how to spell the word "climb" in the first, second and third person unity.and pl.number.
Before we conjugate the two tokens, let us remember that the group II conjugation of verbs belong to all the words of this part of the speech, ending in the infinitive -it.I conjugation verbs in the infinitive are all sorts of endings except -it.There are exceptions: the word "shave" and "lay", despite the end, belong to the group of the first conjugation.And the word "drive", "hold", "look", "see", "breathe", "hear", "hate", "insult", "twirl", "depend", "hate", regardless of the end,It belongs to the group of verbs of the second conjugation.The word "climbing" belongs to the second conjugation, as has the infinitive ending -it and exclusion does not apply.Consequently, pursuant to Rule II conjugation for verbs, because it is written:
- in the first person - I climb, we Lazimov;
- in the second person - you lazish you lazite;
- in the third person - he (she, it) climbs they climb.
Another thing - the verb climb.It belongs to the first conjugation, as is not included in the group infinitives ending in -it is not exempt.According to the rule for verb conjugation I, the word "swarm" has the following personal endings:
- in the first person - I climb, we have to climb;
- second - you climb, you climb by;
- in the third - he (she, it) climbs they climb.
errors may be related to the fact that people confuse conjugation.You can not say, for example, he laziet they laziyut you laziesh I laziyu.The dictionary edited by Dmitry Ushakov these forms are marked as colloquial.It is necessary to take into account a rule of the Russian language as the alternation of consonants in the root word.Following it, we can not pronounce and write a derivative of the word "climb" in the 1st person singular in this form: I lazyu.It will be correct because I get along.
In the imperative, is requested or ordered, the verb climb will sound like "laz" and the verb "climb" - respectively, "manhole".
What word leads
And what word people often use: climbing or climbing?The study main search engine Runet Championship - for the word "climb".Netizens use it about one-third more likely than other valid form of the verb.
Database "Integrum" collects the results of monitoring media reports that the newspapers and magazines, for example, in St. Petersburg, about a hundred times more likely to publish in its pages the various forms of the verb "to climb."In Krasnoyarsk, the print media both words appear on equal terms.A Moscow publications often use the word "climb".
What about the other parts of speech derived from the verb climb and climb?There Nouns "lasagne", "climbing" and others. Communion: climbing.There gerund "climbing" and "scansorial."In colloquial speech, and sometimes you can hear the adjective derived from this verb: to climb these mountains already-perelazannye.
What word is appropriate in a particular case
So, we have no more doubt about the correct way (climbing or climbing) need to be used in the written and spoken language.It only remains to add that phonetically token "climb", although declared conversational, more strangely resembles a high style, do not say the same, for example, that thieves climb pockets.It is appropriate to use the verb "climb" (the infinitive of the climb).