widely known that Tolstoy was not only an outstanding writer, but also a great thinker.Therefore there is nothing surprising in the fact that it is small works has equipped certain philosophical "stuffing."This article will focus on answering the question of which is directed against the story "After the Ball" Leo Tolstoy.
answer will involve two levels: general philosophical and moral (human), but at first (very short) story.
narrative is from the face of the protagonist - Ivan.He tells a story from his personal, direct experience, which makes for a fresh look at the problem of the relation of the individual and society, and self-improvement.
dotted it looks like: a long time ago, even when Ivan was a student, he loved to attend dances.At one of these events, he met a girl Varya.She was very beautiful.Hero immediately in love with her all the time he danced with her, not missing a single dance.
It turned out that the girl had come to papa - Colonel Peter Vladislavovich.Sooner or
protagonist of the story was in a favorable mood, which only can dream up, and imbued with a dashing colonel best feelings.
ball then ended.All went home.And only the young Ivan Vasilyevich could not sleep.Still, after all he was in love!So Ivan went for a walk around the city.Quite by chance he came to the house of the colonel and his daughter Varya, and saw that on the field next to the house passed through a formation of soldiers Tatar-deserter and beat him mercilessly with sticks.And to ensure that torture was organized by all the rules, just watching the colonel, recently cute dancing with his daughter.
Ivan is so struck by this spectacle that his love vanished, and, of course, to the colonel, he no longer felt no sympathy grams.
philosophical level.The individual and society
For a long time, perhaps, century XVIII, there are two camps: some people believe that a person creates the environment and the scientists and philosophers, accordingly, only to find the magic formula or to create a theory that would play onits ideal personality patterns.Others rightly believe that the essence of man is impossible to calculate.He is, how it was created by nature or God created.It has some fundamental, irrational, nesistematiziruemy element.It is he who makes us human.In other words, they are the ones on the side of society, the other - personality.
Tolstoy in this work takes the side of the latter, so one of the possible answers to the question of which is directed against the story "After the Ball," is that it is directed against the universal human rights and the suppression of the averaging of the individual.It should decide for itself what is good and what is bad, focusing only on their inner moral sense, a gift from a person higher power (God or nature).
man, according to Leo Tolstoy, should not dance to the tune of the majority, especially if it (most of) moral values hateful and disgusting.
all family General believes that the perfectly normal after a touching scene at the ball (dancing with a beautiful woman, daughter) to torment humans.Everyone except the young Ivan, it does not seem morally inferior and unworthy.The question is, who is right -lichnost or society?Tolstoy uniquely responsible - personality.This specification is obtained an answer to the question of which is directed against the story "After the Ball."
moral (human) level.Dishonesty, duplicity, callousness - that's the target of Leo Tolstoy
Russian classics not only set global philosophical questions in this work ("After the Ball"), but also castigates concrete human vices mentioned in the subtitle.For Tolstoy, it is important not so much the fact that Colonel satisfied torture on a person, but the fact that he does not find anything wrong in this.
for old warriors perfectly acceptable insensitivity to human suffering and sorrow."But how can there be so - asks himself Tolstoy - that a few hours ago at the ball he was a man, and suddenly turned into a beast?"Honestly, it's hard to answer this question.The main character is also not possible, so he could not sleep until the evening of the next day, even when drunk.
reader will ask himself again and again that which is directed against the story "After the Ball."And he directed primarily against people like werewolves.Tolstoy it pursues human cruelty to his fellow man.
purpose of the writer
Perhaps ideally Leo wanted little to change the balance of power in respect of good and evil in the world, so that people pay more to light that were humane and tolerant of each other and are not turned into beasts, even whenposition requires or allows.It seems that Tolstoy story "After the Ball" was written specifically for this.The minimum goal of the Russian writer, was probably the fact that at least one reader got a little better.
It's almost all on the subject of the article.It remains only to answer the question about what the characteristics of the short story "After the Ball."Tolstoy's writing is extremely concentrated, taking into account the ratio of moral dilemmas posed in front of the main character (and the reader), and the amount spent on the task of letters.