Flag of Turkey - a crescent moon with a star on the red flag

Each state has established constitutional or special law its own distinctive character.This anthem, emblem and flag, covered, usually shrouded in legends and stories.Marks States consider not only the current formal system.She is a national treasure, including culture.

flag and coat of arms of the Turkish

Symbols provides the first glimpse of the country, about what values ​​it adheres.In an Islamic country such as Turkey, legally approved as the State Emblem there is no such.At the same time instead of many institutions can see semi-official emblem.It looks like a red circle with the image inside it vertically oriented crescent and star.Similar symbols contains on itself and the flag of Turkey.In addition, the upper edge of the oval emblem says the official name of the state.This symbolism - a star and crescent - can be seen on the passport of Turkish citizens.

The 1925th Ministry of Education of the country, it was announced the competition for the best picture for the national coat of arms.I

t won him the project, on which were depicted vertical crescent moon and stars, and located below the silhouette of a wolf, symbolizing the "Turkish national symbol."However, despite the general recognition of this version of the emblem, as well as all the others, has not got an official status.

value and history

Turkish flag is a white crescent and five-pointed star on the red flag.This bright color fabric, according to some sources, came from the ruler of the Arab Caliphate of Umar, who was the conqueror of Egypt, Palestine and Mesopotamia.From the fourteenth century, and the red symbolizes the Ottoman Empire.The star and crescent symbol of Islam has always considered that preaches the Turkish Republic.This is despite the fact that religion is here legally separated from the state, and the principle of religious freedom.

mismatch

interesting that the star was originally located within a month.Thus, from the standpoint of astronomers it was incorrect solution, as a star in this case closes the moon, or rather its unseen side.Therefore, since the beginning of the twentieth century, according to the requirements of astronomers, Turkish flag, pictures of which remained unchanged, it was slightly amended.Star still carried beyond the crescent.

However, experts in the present embodiment are some, in terms of astronomy, the discrepancy.Crescent on flag is not the phase of the moon, which people can watch each month from the Earth, and its eclipse obscure object of circular shape.

Origin drawings

Some historians argue that the crescent moon, which has always traditionally been considered a symbol of Islam, the Turkish flag came from the middle of the fifteenth century, immediately after the victorious battle of Kosovo field.Others say that he borrowed from the emblems captured Constantinople in 1453.Still others believe that the image of a star with a crescent moon of Jupiter are the signs of the horoscope Sultan Uthman, who reigned in the late thirteenth - early fourteenth centuries.These characters were considered as the emblem of the reigning dynasty of its kind.

There is another legend about their origin.It is associated with distant fourth century BC, when the armies of Alexander the Great's famous father - the commander Philip - besieged the ancient city of Byzantium, now Istanbul.Setting was long and bloody.Residents fought desperately, many of them died in the struggle for their freedom.And then the enemy decided late at night to undermine this impregnable fortress.

But suddenly out of the black clouds glistened month and the star next to it.Their light is repeatedly reflected in pools of blood shed by the city walls.Sentinel notice from the towers of the enemy and raised the alarm.Warriors Philip had to retreat with heavy losses, and the city was liberated.And the memory of this event, and at the same time as a symbol of freedom of the crescent with the star became the emblem of the Byzantine Empire.After a long time already in 1453-m, a horde of Turkish sultan captured virtually the entire Eastern Roman Empire.Emblem moved to the flag of the winner, and since then the Turkish flag - a red flag with a crescent and a star.

Blue Flag

When planning a holiday by the sea, many are guided by the presence of "Blue Flag".This international award from 1987, is presented annually to the organized beach, water which meets the quality standards and, therefore, safe for swimming.The Fund manages this category of environmental education - FEE.The program involved more than sixty countries.Do not stay aside and Turkey."Blue Flag" last year brought it to the third position among the countries in which the developed maritime tourism.389 beaches that thirty-two more than the year before, marked by FEE for the whole twenty-nine criteria.

In addition, Turkey ranks seventh in the number of "Blue Flag" assigned to her marina.