Training theory - is an independent part of the science of pedagogy.It also called didactics (from the Greek "didaktikos" - to educate, instructing).Teachers in schools of ancient Greece called the Didascalia, as they were under a duty not only to give young people some knowledge, but also to bring them true citizens.Gradually, in the spoken language, this concept has become a contemptuous meaning: "the desire of all to teach, too moralizatorstvovat."
But the German teacher B. Rathke back the lost value of that term - the art of education or scientific theory of education.The work of Jan Amos Comenius "Great didactics" indicates that this theory applies not only to children at school, "she teaches all around," but because it is universal.Indeed, in the course of our lives, every day we learn something new, and how well we have learned the information depends on the method of its submission.Methods, techniques and types of didactics developed in the future by such prominent scholars as VIZagvyazinsky
Thus, modern learning theory explores the interaction and relationships "educate" the teaching of students with cognitive activity.It aims to improve the educational process, development of new effective educational technologies.In addition, it describes and explains the process of upbringing and education.For example, didactics at different stages of the learning process encourages the use of various forms and methods of cognitive activity: the teacher - students;student - the book;child - class and others.
Thus, learning theory says that knowledge is absorbed by us not by themselves, not in isolation, but in unity with the principles and practices of their submission of their application.And every science has its own specifics of presentation: physics, chemistry, and other applied disciplines are fundamentally different from the process of learning music or philosophy.On this basis, allocates subject didactics methods.In addition, it is believed that this science performs two main functions: the theoretical (give students the general concepts) and practical (instills in them certain skills).
but also should not ignore the most important task of pedagogy - education self-identity.Man must not only learn the theoretical knowledge and apply them as he explained to the teacher, but also a creative approach to the use of these initial theories and practices in order to create something new.This area of pedagogy called "theory of developmental education."It has put forward a basis in the XVIII century Pestalozzi, indicating that in man from birth inherent striving for development.The task of the teacher - to help develop these abilities to the fullest.
Soviet pedagogy based on the principle that education and information need to stay ahead, to lead the development of the aptitudes and talents of students.Therefore, the domestic learning theory is based on the following principles: a high level of difficulty for the whole class (based on the most gifted children);the primacy of the theoretical material;fast paced mastery of the material;the awareness of the students learning process.Developing training focused on the potential student to "whip" their fully open.