Character in psychology is treated uniquely.It is difficult to distinguish from temperament.He too is associated with the concept of "personality".In the literature on the psychology of these terms are used interchangeably.Character depends on the person and the personality influences the character.But these concepts should not be confused.
Character in psychology and has a narrower definition.This set of properties of the person, which reflect the behaviors and response to different situations.We can say that it is the individual traits that define its relation to other people or to work.If an assessment is the nature of man and his personality, it can be different for these concepts, and in some cases be the opposite.Worldly terminology suggests that it is a completely different formation.
As an example we can take the prominent personalities who have had a "heavy" or "cool" character.But this did not prevent them from becoming "creative" and "extraordinary" people.This proves that these two
authors who study the psychology of the character, emphasize that it may be less or more pronounced.
There are three kinds of intensity of human behavior.It generates the following types of character psychology:
- pronounced (accentuation);
- strong deviations (psychopathy).
first two definitions are correct.Accentuation can be overt or covert.These character traits are not always found, but only in certain circumstances, in the circumstances, but not normally occur.The third type - it's pathology.Of course, these boundaries are blurred, but there are criteria that allow us to determine membership in a particular intensity.
Regarding psychopathy, in the psychology of the character can be considered a pathology, if it is stable throughout life, little change with time.The second sign is that the same behaviors are found everywhere: at home, at work, among friends, in all circumstances.If a person is home alone, and others - the other, it can not be considered a psychopath.An important feature of this disease is considered to be social exclusion.The man always gets into a difficult situation, he has a problem he is experiencing difficulties that may affect and the people around him.
In the history of psychology have been several attempts to create a typology of characters.One of the first scientists in this area was the German scientist E. Kretschmer.Among our domestic colleagues classification of human behavior engaged A. Licko.His field of study was the psychology, the topic of "The nature of a teenager."
Strengthening certain traits of behavior that do not go beyond the rules, but bordering on pathology, often can be seen in youth and adolescence.Such displays reveal weaknesses and allow time to appoint a preventive measure.Accentuation developed mainly during the formation of character and smoothed when a person grows older.