all the modern diversity of tulips - a result of the breeders who over the years from multiple source types to create new unique colors and shapes.One of the pioneers of all sorts is precisely Tulip Schrenk.
Legend of tulip
is true or not, but once upon a time people thought that in the middle of a beautiful yellow tulip focused happiness.Only trouble was that Bud could not manage to open it.And one amazing flower fell into the hands of a little boy, tulip opened, revealing the beauty of the world.Only a man with a pure heart and soul, as a baby is able to find happiness.
In honor of someone named tulip?
his name called, he is obliged to scientist and traveler Alexander Ivanovich Schrenk.Or, as it is called, some sources, Alexander Gustav von Schrenk.He had Russian origins (he was a native of the province of Tula), and yet it is often perceived as a German scientist.While traveling, he has collected a lot of material in zoology, botany and mineralogy.Including in 1873 opened a new plant - the
Tulip Schrenk: description
Wild varieties of tulips are of medium size.But Schrenk tulip boasts distinctive large features.He has a very tiny onion egg-shaped, 1.5-2 cm in diameter.But the plant itself grows up to 30-40 centimeters in height.It has green leaves with a blue tint lanceolate, slightly wavy, usually 3 or 4, the bottom is always larger than the others.
flower has quite a volatile form, often cup-shaped bottom and six petals, pointed at the end, like a lily.Unlike farmed varieties, it has a light and pleasant aroma.Flower size 7 centimeters in height.Color can be different: red, orange, yellow, white and even almost purple, there are also variegated forms.Tulip Schrenk refers to srednetsvetuschim tulips bloom in late April and throughout May.Propagated in nature seeds which sufficient ripening in June.
In Russia this kind of wild tulips growing in the steppes, deserts and semi-deserts of the European part of the country, as well as in Central Asia and Western Siberia.This plant - kaltsefil, if translated literally - loving lime.Flowers grow on soils rich in a variety of calcium compounds.Scarce vegetation summer spring steppe covered by this bright carpet, similar to Persian, full of bright colors and delicate flavors.
outside our country Tulip Schrenk common in the south-eastern part of Ukraine, Kazakhstan, northern Iran, Central Asia and China.
Schrenk tulips in the Orenburg region
Meet Schrenk tulip in the Orenburg region - is common.Combining of the European Plain, Southern Urals and Trans-Urals, vast territory rich steppes, where this type grows.Tulip Schrenk is a symbol of the flowering of the Orenburg region.Compare spring thick aroma that fills the air of the steppe, when the whole blooming acres, it is impossible with nothing.The Red Book of the field also puts it under protection.But love and appreciate tulip not only there.
In the Volgograd region in 2009 was established natural monument of regional importance - Kurnaevsky tulip meadow.It is located on a very extensive area of 418 hectares.The particular its value due to the fact that there are growing less common and rare plants, including the Tulip Schrenk.The authorities of the region as much as possible to limit human-induced environmental effects in a given territory, to preserve the biosystem in its original form.
This is another kind of wild tulips, which was opened by the German botanist Friedrich Bieberstein and named after him.The shape of the flower and the rest of the external phenotypic characteristics are very similar to the kind Schrenk.But there are two significant differences.Firstly, always Bieberstein tulips bright yellow and no other, while their closest relatives are full of colors, like a kaleidoscope.Also, flowers slightly smaller, the average length of 3 cm.Secondly, they are well propagated not only by seed, but the daughter bulbs, which allows them to reproduce quickly enough strength.In Russia, they can be found in the Volga region, the Caucasus, Kalmykia, Western Siberia.But in the Rostov region, they are included in the regional Red Data Book.
Can I plant a tulip at home?
From the standpoint of the law can not be planted in your garden Tulip Schrenk.The Red Book of Russia classifies it to the rare and endangered plant species, whose population in the wild is sharply reduced.The bulbs of this species is prohibited to dig up and sell, besides, you can not pluck the flowers, as it is directly linked to the extinction of plants (seeds do not ripen).For violations provided liability and penalties.Buying these bulbs have dishonorable sellers, remember this and the fact that it is better to keep these flowers in the wild and to allow them to enjoy, not only for us but also for our descendants.
Saving Schrenk tulip in Ukraine and Kazakhstan are also taken under government control, it is listed in the Red Book of the States.