Everyone in his life at least once faced with the repairs in the apartment or house, and such a thing as "plaster walls", he, of course, familiar.Luting - a wall surface application of special structure, thanks to which it is aligned.
What is the coat?
before in this article will be touched upon as putty walls with his own hands, should understand what is the feature of spackling.This mixture is used in the construction and repair work on the stage, which is after plastering the walls.It brings to the surface is perfectly smooth and flat state.Generally, a mixture is made of gypsum-based, but also can be based polymer or cement.
What plaster to choose the better putty walls - these issues concern many.Consider the differences between certain types of mixture from each other.
Cement putty more resistant to moisture.This occurs because the cement - sufficiently solid foundation.Outs such means have at its core cement, are a tendency to shrink and small options for flexibility.
Fillers based on polymeric materials in an attractive contrast to the other species.It consists in that the mixture consists of very fine particles, which leads to a perfect alignment of the walls.Polymeric fillers do not shrink, has high resistance to moisture and are excellent finishing material.Since putty walls with his own hands a simple exercise, you can try to align the wall by means of fillers based on polymers.A small drawback of this type of compounds is their quite high cost.
Gypsum products have a feature to quickly grasp.Covered with plaster walls perfectly amenable to grinding, so as a result, a smooth, flat surface without flaws.
Some of the materials and the appointment of putty
After reviewing the main types of lining materials is simple enough to understand and decide what is best filler putty walls.But before it is necessary to distinguish ready putty and a special mixture to be diluted with water in certain proportions.
Ready-mix - a thick, viscous mass that is packed in plastic buckets or bags.Finished plaster can be used as soon as you open the package.
Dry mixes - is a kind of mass in the form of a powder, which is packed in paper bags.Bring the mixture to a ready state at all easy, as all the instructions on this issue can be found on the packaging.
On the specifics of the work is the starting material putty (leveling), fine (finishing) and versatile, combining quality starting and finishing putty.
possible to putty the walls with his own?
How to learn to putty the walls?Is it possible?Many are concerned about this issue.The answer is of course possible, because the special difficulties of this process, as it does not require you to possessing special skills.Today, the technology of finishing construction works greatly simplified.It is directly connected with the advent of the construction market of new materials.So do any redecorating shoulder any man who has at least a little bit of knowledge about the process of repair.Fill the can wall and the woman who has been repairing itself, without attracting anyone's help.
Before putty painted walls, you must prepare the surface.
To start freed from the old wall finishing materials: loose paint, wallpaper, and so on. D. Also removes traces of grease and grime.Not recommended putty frozen sections of the walls.If the new surfaces are processed, whether plaster or concrete wall, before applying the mixture of all of the surfaces coated with a special primer composition mainly uses special blend of deep penetration.The purpose of priming is one - to increase the adhesion of the wall surface coated with a material.
preparatory phase is very important because it determines the quality of the subsequent finish, so before plaster or putty walls of the house or apartment, you need to carefully handle the surface.
spackling the walls
list of jobs that are associated with spackling the walls must be made in several stages.Starting putty coating is applied at a thickness of 2-3 mm using a wide spatula width of not less than 60 cm. Fillers should be distributed on a diagonal wall for uniform application of the material.It is necessary to apply it correctly, it is desirable from the unfinished surface, ie, the material is stretched to the side leveled area at an angle of 20-30 degrees.Overlaying the mixture obtained as to overlap.Do not think that happens once smooth and perfectly flat surface as putty walls with their hands preferably several times, ie in several layers.
Upon completion of the surface should be dried for 14 hours.Then puttied wall treated with sandpaper, grind and remove various irregularities.The process of grinding can be done manually, but you can resort to using a mechanical grinder.Next, the surface is primed again, then applied topcoat of putty, which finally align wall.After the final coat is dry, you can paint the walls or wallpaper glue.
Plastered walls of plasterboard
Plasterboard is an excellent finishing material for insulation and a great way to align the wall and use it to create arches and walls.Plasterboard can be mounted on an adhesive or by means of metal profiles.But after the drywall is attached, it is necessary to putty.This process is quite time consuming, but you can spend the alignment much faster and better than just plastering.Before putty plasterboard walls, you need to learn to do it correctly.
Before starting work, the surface should be primed with special mixtures, prevents the development of mold and fungus formation, as well as contribute to a better adhesion of the material.After drying the primer layer are sealed seams between sheets of drywall putty using serpyanka - a special grid.It is used for better adhesion of joints.
When seams are sealed and imposed serpyanka, you can begin to spray the first layer of putty.There are two ways to trim plasterboard walls.The first is more economical, since it implies only one layer of putty, and then grout and as a result - the application of the final coating.This option gives a good result finishing leveling walls.
Since putty drywall under the wallpaper, it is desirable, in this case, you can use the second method plastered walls.It's a long, but a more effective option.In this case, the alignment of plasterboard walls occurs in three layers.After applying the first coat is overwritten with a special cloth.Then the next layer is applied and also erased.
next step is gluing the wall webs, or in other words, glass fiber, provides a better coupling of the material and prevents it from stretching and fraying putty.After finishing the walls made of drywall finishing layer.
methods leveling walls
options for leveling the walls, there are several.Determine the order or putty plaster walls or the finish drywall must be based on their personal preferences and capabilities.
Types fillers we have already seen, is now familiarized with plaster.The most popular types of it - it's gypsum and cement and sand.
plaster made from gypsum can be applied thinner layers due to stickiness and plasticity.The downside is that it can not be used for exterior trim, and not any plaster is suitable for wet areas.It also has a relatively high cost.
Plaster mixture of cement and sand are inferior in tackiness and plasticity of gypsum plaster, they often come across small stones, which prevents deposition of thin layers.They are used for exterior finishes and large areas.
puttying walls under the wallpaper
spackling the walls for painting and wallpaper is different.Let us first consider how putty drywall under the wallpaper: paper, vinyl, non-woven, and others.Any work related to the plasterboard, belongs to the category of "clean", as after finishing no need to waste time and energy on the laundering of dirty stains.
walls in the room are a kind of a background on which to create the entire interior of the room.Therefore, it is important that the walls were perfect.Many people do not quite understand why the wall putty plasterboard, and so if the surface is flat and smooth.Can not we just get along alone putty joints?Many must decide for themselves, they need it or not.But it is important to remember that when pasting the walls of plasterboard thin wallpaper may appear embedded joints, ie joints will shine through.And if wallpaper pasted directly on a sheet of drywall, then if you want to change them will be very difficult, because the wallpaper will come off with the top layer of drywall.
spackling the walls for painting
task as putty painted walls, requires a more careful approach in the preparation of the surface, since such coverage can not cover even a small unevenness.Pre-wall aligned with several layers of plaster or cement filler.Keep in mind the following: a mixture of plaster after drying have a smooth white color, while the coat of cement - gray.Its shade will appear when pasting the walls are thin and light wallpaper.Bleed gray can occur when painting the walls a light color.
After the plaster dries, it will be overwritten and the final layer is applied, thereby removing small flaws.The final stage after the final drying is a careful surface grinding machine or trowel.
As you can see, the process is not as complicated putty.This manual will help those who do not know how to putty the walls with his own hands.
necessary tools for spackling
for spackling the walls, the following materials and tools:
- set of spatulas of various sizes;
- roller or brush to apply primer mixture;
- device for leveling thick layer of putty;
- building level;
- tank filler;
After qualitative performance of works on alignment of the walls of any topcoat that you choose for your walls, will please their appearance and look perfect.