What is the phonetic transcription and how it is indicated in the letter

studying Russian (or any other) language, pupils and students are faced with the concept of "phonetic transcription".Dictionaries and encyclopedias, the term stands for a method of recording speech for a more accurate communication of pronunciation.In other words, transcription transmits sound aspect of language, allowing her to reflect on the letter with certain characters.

Phonetic transcription plays an important role in the study of foreign languages.After all, this method allows you to display records and understand the rules of pronunciation of letters and reading.Transcription departs from the traditional spelling rules (especially in the Russian language), if they do not coincide with the pronunciation.In the letter it is indicated by letters in square brackets.In addition, there are additional signs indicating, for example, soft consonants, vowels and longitude t. D.

Each language has its own phonetic transcription, which reflects the sound side of the given language.I must say that in

Russian, in addition to the usual characters that do not cause difficulties may be encountered and additional.For example, it uses j, i (mine pit, and so on. D.).In addition, the vowel sounds in some positions are designated as "b" and "s" ("EP" and "Eph").Of interest are the signs and [IE] and [ye].

Russian phonetic transcription is the main mode of transmission in writing features the words that we perceive by ear.It is necessary to better understand the differences that exist between sounds and letters in the language, the absence of one correspondence between them.Terms transcribing vowels are based primarily on the position of the sound with respect to stress.In other words, it uses qualitative reduction scheme unstressed.

must be said that the international phonetic transcription, as well as Russian, has no punctuation and capital letters.Accustomed to the letter point and commas are designated as pauses.Also not taken into account, how to spell a word (with a hyphen, separately).It is important, not the vocabulary and phonetics, namely sound.

Phonetic transcription is also used in dialectology, to most accurately capture the pronunciation, and a pronunciation which she demonstrated with the help of pronunciation variants.

Terms of transcription in Russian state that is used in almost all the letters but written in notes E, E, U, R (in some textbooks, however, E is excluded from this list, and is used in the recording of sounds).These letters are indicated on the letter or the softness of the preceding consonant or supplemented j + corresponding vowels (e, o, u, a).

also phonetic transcription in Russian does not have a notation u, which is written as a long Sh subscript and superscript characters that are used in the work, called the accent.With them denote longitude sound, softness, partial loss of sonority consonants, non-syllabic sound character, and others.

Knowing the rules is necessary to explore the transcription features of pronunciation and writing in the language.