The decline in Russian names: hard cases

Declination names in the Russian language has its own characteristics, which depend primarily on the origin of words.Even linguists sometimes have difficulty in this matter, especially if the name has two versions, and each of them is correct sounds.

characteristic ending for Russian names will -ski (-skoy), Female (-ev) -in (-yn).This is also the proper names formed without the suffix (for example, Tolstoy).Declination of the origin of the names will be similar to the change of adjectives.For example, "Ivan Petrov", "Petrova Anna."As seen, in this case the names and vary depending on the type (male or female, respectively).

Another rule is applied to the proper names that have a foreign origin and end in -their or formed from solidified form (smoothly, Grizzly).These names are not declined.It does not change as such names as Zhivago Semenyago other ending in -ago, -yago.

Declination male names, in some cases different from women's.So, if at the end of the last consonant is, they will not change

.For example, you can say, "Let me speak German Lilies," but: "Pass the salt Vladimir Herman."Thus, the same last name, formed in an unconventional way, or borrowed from other languages, ending in a consonant, change for case as nouns if relate to men, and are pronounced in the original form, if owned by women.

exception is the decline of Armenian surnames.In this case, regardless of the sex reversal is addressed, it remains unchanged.For example, "Karen Martirosyan" or "Diana Martirosyan."

Many Russian names ending on -ko.They mostly came from the Ukrainian language (Shevchenko, Tarasenko et al.).These words also do not change regardless of who to contact: female or male.It is especially important to take into account such nuances in the official documents.

Declination names with foreign origin, and ending in a vowel sound (Dumas, Hugo, Zola) often causes difficulties.We must remember that in this case, any address words are unchanged.At the same time Russian borrowed names, available in the end of unstressed sound job (s) (Okudzhava, Varava, Kafka), leaning on the principle of nouns.The exceptions here are only those in which the penultimate vowel is -u.For example, Garcia, Moriah.

Declination names at the end of which is percussive sound s (pan), is only possible if they have a Slavic origin.Borrowed words remain the same (eg, books, Dumas).Do not lean men's names at the end of which there are -e, -E, -y, th (Ordzhonikidze, Korodzhali et al.).

The composite names of Korean or Vietnamese origin leaning only the last part.The Russian double surname changed both parts, if each of them by itself is used in a different form (for example, Lebedev-red bunting).Otherwise, the first word should be left in its original form (Skvoznik-Dmuhanovskomu).

rules, on which there is a decline of names are very important in the design of various documents or simply by reference to the familiar in order to avoid falling into an awkward situation.