Agricultural statistics at the turn of XVIII-XVIIII centuries

Throughout the time, so to speak, of human existence meaningful statistics to some extent present in people's lives.Given the fact that agriculture is the vast majority of people is a fundamental activity, statistical calculations, and then began to appear in the bottom of the industry earlier and more intensively.If we consider such factors as the agricultural statistics in the vast modern Russia, it is worth noting the fact that this aspect is formed in a relatively acceptable limits became exclusively in the 18th century.Moreover, for most of the 19th century in the provincial accounting books was conducted entirely sown and harvested grain is not taken into account in any way the sown area, which of course made it impossible to determine the yield.Only in the years 1882-1883, information was collected in the provinces of sown areas.

Central Statistical Committee received relative yield

Agricultural statistics at the turn of the 18th-19th centuries was rather superficial.The reason is that the in

formation collected in the vast majority of voluntary correspondents from the words of the owners of the land.It should be noted that almost until 1903 sown areas were divided into only two categories - possessory and allotment.And only with changes in the work of the Central Statistical Committee in 1904, land degradation in some way has increased, there were privately purchased, leased and land allotment.

interesting fact is that in addition to direct the Central Statistical Committee of Statistics of crop still interested and the Department of Agriculture and Rural Industry relating to the Ministry of State Property and Agriculture.At the same acreage, of course, also not taken into account.An interesting fact can be considered that in this period of crop statistics, more precisely yield of cereals and other crops was carried out in the so-called Samah.It is a relative unit characterized by the ratio of raw materials sown for harvest.For example, the indicator "himself two" meant what was originally sown half, for example, grain harvested in the future than it is in the crop.

Statistics livestock

It is clear that even at relatively early stages of the formation of agricultural statistics could not be limited, even taking into account the banal grown grain and other crops.Naturally, to a certain extent it was conducted and livestock keeping.Number of available livestock include all in the same provincial books, which at that time were the main source of information.It should be noted that the statistics of livestock at the end of the 18th century was carried out the veterinary department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (1863), however, the most reliable information on this issue began to bring the so-called military-horse census, which has its origins in 1882, carried outall in the same place by the Central Statistical Committee in 58 provinces.It is clear that this census was carried out on horses, their age, the owners, and so on.But it was the presence of a horse or more characterized, in principle, while the possibility of the economy.

is interesting that, despite the fact that the statistics of agriculture has evolved and, most importantly, was the place to be full-scale agricultural census all over Russia was made only in 1916.It was connected with the war and the need to take into account all the food resources of the country.