England flag - the flag of the United Kingdom

Each country has its own national symbols, which is a mark of distinction and says anything about it.This flag, anthem, colors, print, logos, emblems, slogans and more.This article will focus on the UK, but rather on its flag, which is unique and noteworthy.

Union three

What is the flag of England, knows everyone, even those who have not studied the English language and in general is far from it.The official name of England - United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.A beautiful flag of this state is called the "Union Jack," which means "combined flags."Why is that?

The fact is that in the UK consists of three historic regions of the United Kingdom: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland.Each of them has its own flag, elements of which are "stacked" in the general banner of the UK, which symbolizes their union.

history flag of England begins in 1603.That's when James, King of Scotland, has at its disposal the English throne.Despite the fact that both of these states remained indepen

dent, and among them was an alliance.And in 1606 it approved a new symbol of this association: Scottish banner stamped on the flag of England.

Initially it was used only for military and commercial marine applications.But since 1707, when the two kingdoms were united in one thing - Kingdom of Great Britain, the flag became a symbol of the new state.Then, many years later, in 1801 in the UK came to Ireland.Then it created a new flag, which added a symbol of the Irish.In this form it exists today.

Flag of England

main component of the British flag - a straight red cross on a white background.It is called "Cross of St. George" (St. George).He is considered the patron saint of England since the Middle Ages.According to legend, in the troubled years of the Crusades, which particularly distinguished valor legionnaires England, St. George became their guardian and custodian of the shores of Albion.

way, much later St. George the Victorious, and was recognized as the patron saint of the Russian people.

flags of Scotland and Ireland

on the Scottish flag shows a white diagonal cross on a blue background.It is the symbol of St. Andrew - the patron and protector of Scotland.In Russia, this cross is called "St. Andrew", and it represents St. Andrew, patron of all Christians.This banner is mainly used on British ships.

Irish symbols like the flag of England, but with diagonal red cross.It is a symbol of the patron saint of the Irish - St Patrick's.He was considered the patron of Catholics and missionaries.

interesting detail: the flag of the United Kingdom contains the symbols of historical areas, but it is not the emblem of Wales (Welsh Dragon).On this occasion is still debate, but acceptable for all variants have not yet come.Though some of them consider it discrimination, but the flag of England remains the traditional and unchanged since 1801, when it was approved.