Declarative sentences in Russian

Russian language - the phenomenon is complex and multifaceted, multi-structured.Each section is a separate section of linguistics studying the language, using scientific systematic approach.The study offers as a basic linguistic unit is engaged in the syntax.

proposal in the Russian language is characterized by a number of signs.By the number of grammatical foundations, it is simple and complex.In the presence of predicative units is considered complete (there are subject and predicate) and incomplete (one of the main parts of the sentence is omitted, but it is easily restored from the context of the proposal).On the composition of a simple sentence can be two-part (both the main part of the sentence there) and mononuclear (in the presence of only the subject or only to the predicate).Compound offers, in turn, are divided into denominative (the principal term - subject) and verb - certainly-personal, vague, personal, generalized-personal and impersonal (with one member of the main - predicate).

According to statements made to distinguish between the target declarative sentence, interrogative, motive.

declarative sentences - proposal, which contains a message about anyone or anything else: about any facts, events, event, object or living being, for example: "Outside the window all day today shone so rarein these latitudes the sun. "Post it can be negative or the affirmative: "What we did not expect his father, today he did not come

"."The rain poured down in the early morning, as promised forecasters."

declarative sentences - the most common type of sentences in Russian.They are characterized by diversity of content and structure, such proposals always express a complete thought.The speech is transmitted to special shades narrative tone - on a keyword or phrase tone rises, there is a logical allocation of the most significant fragment, and then drops to a quiet tone, intonation end of the sentence should be.

declarative sentence includes all the basic types of offers:

  • simple: "Mom came home from work";
  • difficult: "I looked out and saw that the sky became a huge cloud";
  • complete "Blizzard cleared outright";
  • incomplete: "The false friend betray you at the first danger, the real - never!"
  • two-part: "He left without looking back";
  • mononuclear - denominative "Outside, the quiet spring night";verb: "I dream of you";"In my door knocking insistently";"Sweet smell of linden blossoms";"VzberĐĹshsya the hill and nice ride on the first rolled snow."

Proposals on intonation in the Russian language are exclamation points, ieemotionally colored and nevosklitsatelnymi - emotionally neutral: Oh, how wonderful summer in the woods!The sun was hot affectionately, birds of something sing, gnats flitting nervously in the grass.

Nevosklitsatelnye offers do not express emotions - anger, joy, anger, despair, and others. By their nature, they are either narrative or interrogative: Hungry puppy wandered dejectedly on the dark street;Can you tell me what time it is?

exclamation sentences express the widest range of emotions - joy, anger, surprise, surprise, etc.The speech exclamation expressed special intonation, tone increase.In writing - with the help of an exclamation mark.

By exclamation may include proposals such as:

  • proposal narrative, for example: "That she came, winter-mother!"
  • offers incentive character: "Be careful, do not make mistakes in the book!"
  • proposal question: "And what do we remain silent ?! What ?! think"

addition intonation, ejaculation can be expressed by such official parts of speech as interjections and particles: a, oh, well, I do, and, for that and other:

Oh!How am I glad to see you!

What a beauty of this snow!

Well, that and you come up with a joke!

Hey!The hosts, open the gates!

Well, that and you come up with a joke!

Hey!The hosts, open the gates!