The origin of the word

speech - it is quite a unique phenomenon, which belongs only to man.It can be used to convey important information, express their opinions, to warn.Without exaggeration, we can say that we are - that's what binds individuals into society, allowing them to interact with each other.

But the only people talking can be clearly and exhaustively express the essence of what is happening.The unit of speech - is a word that is a reflection of the concept of a phenomenon.And this is not just a combination of sounds.The fact that the origin of the word - the divine, the Bible says.And the truth is, it seems, what else to explain the wonderful gift to express the concept of a combination of several sounds, actions, properties, and events?

However, we will not delve into the theology and approach the issues of linguistics.All dialects and dialects considered not worth it.Therefore, for example, take the words of Russian origin.They are both long-standing legacy and example of folk art.Once upon a time, accordin

g to scientists, there was a single language for the PIE of the people, which were the direct descendants of Slavonic tribes.From these, in turn, Russian occurred.With the settling of the Slavs in the vast territories of their common language gradually disappeared, disintegrated into many dialects, which later formed into separate languages.At the moment they are so different that their carriers often simply do not understand each other.

Proto-Slavic lexicon basically has Indo-European roots, but as Slavs close contact and partially mixed with other peoples, their language is first subjected to the influence of the Iranian languages ​​(a consequence of contact with the Scythians and related tribes), and then - the Gothic (the reason - the conquest of the Goths).We do not even suspect that the age of some of the words that we consume every day, hundreds, or even thousands of years.One simple example.Everyone knows the word "bear".It is with the Old Slavonic literally translates as "in charge of medical" or honey eater.It is created by a combination of the roots of the two words.And in the same way (root + suffix + root) a huge number of Russian words.Another example - clerical, gorgeous, shaven-headed and many others.

more ways of word creation - the addition of new suffixes to the word, often with a change in the meaning of words.Besides many examples.The word "butterfly" is derived from the word "baba" - the ancient Slavs believed that after the death of a woman transformed into butterflies.

There is another method of formation of new words - it is an imitation of sounds, including the sounds of nature (for example, the word "cuckoo", "growl" and so forth.).Perhaps this method used by primitive peoples.But what appeared the word "dog", "lion", "cat" - it is not because of the role models the sounds of nature and by adding the roots of words?They are always used in popular speech.Similar words have in other European languages ​​- means that these words are native Russian, and their history is rooted in another language, Proto-Slavic.

I must say that the theory of the origin of PIE German, Gaelic, Greek, Slavic, Sanskrit, Latin, not without reason.For example, in Hindi and Persian, there are words that are very similar to their counterparts in the Slavic or Germanic languages.

very interesting origin of swear words.It should be noted that they once were not abusive.The origin of the words that call abusive, very old (not including some who came from other languages).Many do not believe it.But the favorite of many words with the letter "b" once meant "misguided", comes from the word "wander".It was only much later, it has come to mean the same thing today.So it is obscene under Empress Anna Ivanovna, which banned it.

words called male and female sex organs are Slavonic roots, their counterparts have in all Slavic languages.Many hundreds of years ago they were not abusive.From the ancient Sanskrit word that conveys the process of intercourse, is very similar to his Russian counterpart, and hence, the word is also very ancient.

So, in general, our language has a long history - the origin of the words in their most rooted in proto Indo-Aryan peoples, and perhaps even deeper.However, it is still not a direct descendant of Sanskrit, throughout its history it has changed.Therefore, the origin of the words of our language - not entirely Indo-European, and partly - Asian partially - French, Latin, Greek and English.