In solving problems of a wide range, including economic, applied methods of logical knowledge, among which are the analysis and synthesis.Taken together, all methods of logical investigation, the two are characterized by the fact that virtually no restrictions apply, can be used both at the scientific level of knowledge of laws, and in the ordinary understanding of the facts, phenomena, events.
analysis is a method of research, logical methods in which the researcher produces mental dismemberment of the object or subject of the study on conventional components, and then examine each of the selected pieces separately.In everyday life we often use this word, at times, without attaching special importance to the conditions that are put forward using this method in cognition.One of the most important of these conditions is that the analysis and synthesis, used in the study of a subject should cognitively share exclusively on those components, which together form the subject of study.Replacing their coun
Synthesis - is a logical method in which the individual elements of the object of knowledge unite in a whole and studied as part of the whole.As seen from the contents of both methods - the analysis and synthesis - represent dialectic integrity, and therefore in practice is usually used (or should be used), together, thus providing a higher reliability of the results.
application of these methods is so common that communicates directly with general human ability to comprehend the world rationally and phenomena that occur in it.However, their use has a number of features that are due to the sphere of application and the properties of the object under study or subject.For example, the analysis and synthesis economy understood as a movement of thought in the "opposite direction", one in which the argument is constructed from an unknown to a known economic phenomenon, and vice versa.It should also be borne in mind that the analysis and synthesis, are not in themselves proof of the act or decision of a problem - they are only a means to find this solution.
The merits of these techniques is logical in the economy lies in the fact that with their help, identifies the essential aspects of economic processes taking place, investigated the most important trends in the development of economic activities in the macro- and microeconomic levels, global, national and local-regional economic problems.
addition, the analysis and synthesis of control systems, for example, serves as the starting point during the planning and forecasting of the economic situation, no matter what size the object we are studying, or what form it belongs to the property.The use of these logical methods, both independently and as part of the system analysis, allowing arguments to justify on the basis of scientific data, the entire economic policy of the object that is being studied.
For example, the macroeconomic synthesis and analysis in its application to cover both world and national economic sectors.The same is true at the microeconomic level is limited to consideration of questions of private sector companies and even the individual entrepreneur.Here we have a selection as the subject of analysis or synthesis of learning indicators such as the volume of commercial production;the magnitude of costs and profitability of a company.
both synthesis and analysis in the economic sphere has several varieties due to interests and goals of the study.So if we need to learn about the past trends of enterprise development, applied retrospectively option, if we want to "see" into the future - a perspective.
most productive considered the right combination of these methods in a combination technique, for example, a systematic approach to the study of the subject.It preserves all the advantages of the method, with the leveling of their shortcomings, due to the use of other methods of cognition.