unsuitable for further use in industrial processes waste their residues can cause damage to the environment, habitat, life or health are said to be dangerous.Their structure may include explosive, toxic, flammable components, activators of various infections and other dangerous elements.
Waste management is enshrined in the relevant articles of the Russian law.So, in 1998, it was approved by the federal law.He introduced into the Russian legal practice the concept of "waste license".Later, in 2002, it was adopted by another law, which establishes the need to obtain authorization to engage in certain activities.Thus, licensing of waste from the time it submits to him.
In accordance with Order 511, in 2001, was introduced the classification of certain danger.Based on the physicochemical properties of Hazardous Waste and their storage and placement.Thus it was formed five classes:
- extremely dangerous.Their impact is devastating to the surrounding system.The ecosystem is unable to recover even after a long time.
- danger.This waste is also a devastating impact on the ecosystem, but it can be restored after thirty years.
- Low hazard.Destroyed under their influence ecosystem can recover within a decade.
- Nizkoopasnye waste.After their impact on the ecosystem can recover for three years.
- dangerous.This class has a devastating impact on the ecosystem.
Today, licensing of waste is mandatory for the first four classes.For businesses dealing and perform any actions that are related to these categories should be in accordance with the legislation go through the procedure of confirmation of the fact that within the organization the necessary conditions, including the requirement to ensure the safety of staff in contact with harmfulsubstances.
The legislation defines the concept of "accumulation of waste."It refers to the procedure of temporary (not more than six months) storage of these substances.In this case, the waste does not require licensing.You do not need it for the fifth class of substances.In this case, a "non-hazardous waste" is meant recycled plastics, wastepaper.These substances do not bring any harm to the environment.However, opposed by environmentalists.In this case, they point to the damage from the burning of such waste.For example, the burning of plastics in the atmosphere dioxins.This substance is carcinogenic, it has a high degree of defeat.
Licenses garbage today is relevant to enterprises of any organizational-legal form, including manufacturers of various goods.Harmful substances annually becomes more and more, they are becoming more diverse.This in turn requires the use of different methods for their processing.
licensing process waste includes certain conditions.They apply to the training of employees of either the entrepreneur (the permit directly at him).
requirement for licensing of waste is considered to be the availability of staff, who has been specially trained in handling hazardous substances.The relevant bodies to provide the program, according to which the preparation of employees, document certifying the professional qualifications and the right to carry out the relevant activities.These documents included the license for educational activity institutions, experts drew up the certificate.