Suvorov Alexander - is the most famous commander of all Russian military history.All held their fights and battles, and there are about six dozen, ended in victory.After the death of Suvorov his followers, inspired by the military successes of his mentor, also became famous figures, the most famous among them - it Rumyantsev, M. Kutuzov, P. Bagration, M. Miloradovich, M. Platov, M. Dragomirov, and many other well-knownRussian troops, occupying high positions.Name Suvorov was and will remain a symbol of honor, valor and glory of the Russian army.
Commander Suvorov was raised in a military family, his father, Vasily Suvorov, was a general-in-chief and a Knight of the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky.At the age of 13 years, Alexander was appointed a little soldier in the Semenov regiment, and his training took place in the land Cadet Corps.But the most important for the development of future military genius nevertheless remained the father, who is also personally involved in the training of
biography of Suvorov, a summary of which shows how much the young man wanted to know all the features of military affairs, it shows that even a person with poor health have achieved honor and respect.A gifted young man spent all his time to the study of military history, engineering and gunnery.Exemplary service and diligence young Suvorov managed to independently move up the career ladder and achieve new ranks.The first time, the future Generalissimo served in junior positions, and in 1754 was appointed officer of Ingrian Infantry Regiment.
Feats Suvorov began as soon as he began to fight.The first military experience he received during the Seven Years War.Later he participated in the Battle Tsirndorfskoy, in the famous battle of Kunersdorf and in the capture of the fortress of Kolberg.
After the first successful battles Suvorov was awarded the post of colonel in 1762.He was appointed commander of the Astrakhan Infantry Regiment, and later, in 1763, he also became a commander in the Suzdal Infantry Regiment.
In the six years of its work in these shelves, he created his own individual system of training future military.In his studies Russian commander Suvorov united intense combat training with respect for his subordinates.The motto of the then colonel was "eye, speed, rush."
While getting his first experience of the commander, Colonel, which will become a famous commander, managed to create its own approach, combining intelligence and eccentricity, commander rigor and drill with the human attitude towards ordinary soldiers, unpretentiousness to education.
In the period from 1768 to 1772, Suvorov Suzdal with his regiment was in Poland, where Russian troops fought against the Confederates.Once in Poland, Colonel set out to stop the rebellion aimed at overthrowing the then king of the Commonwealth to establish a peaceful position on the Polish lands.
Alexander believed Poles friendly people and saw to it that against them no way physical force was used, but rather that the locals were respectful.Strong leadership and true tactics of Colonel managed to ensure safety in the majority of the Polish territory.Biography of Suvorov proves that he was an absolute expert in his field, and the number of awards received by it only confirms this.The first in a series of orders of Suvorov was the reward he received just after the Polish campaign.This was the Order of St. George 3rd degree, although it relied on the status of 4th degree.
Under the command of Rumyantsev
Returning to Russia, Suvorov wanted to go to war to Turkey, but Catherine II decided that a more rational will be seconded young budding war in Finland for Russian-Swedish border to there to study the military-political situation andstate of defense.
In 1773, Alexander Vasilyevich was appointed to the 1st Army Pyotr Rumyantsev, which operated on the Danube.Within two months, he actively participated in the fighting raids, in one of which he decided to act on their own, despite the prohibition of the commander, and took Turtukay.
Count Pyotr Rumyantsev wanted to appoint a punishment for a wayward young general.But Catherine II opposed such measures, decided on the contrary, to reward the brave military and gave him a new order, this time - it was St. George 2nd degree.
Turkish and Pugachev uprising
autumn 1773 general Suvorov was appointed commander of the defense Girsova, where he managed to win positions and reject Turkish troops from the city.Six months later, in June 1774, Alexander in collaboration with General Mikhail Kamensky Fedotovich fought at Kozludzhi where they were able to defeat the 40 thousandth Turkish army.Despite the fact that both the military harbors no sympathy for each other, but their relationship was strained, they were able to act together and harmoniously.
month later, on July 10, the position of the Russian army in the war with the signing of the Treaty of Kuchuk stuck Kainarji.Gold sword encrusted with diamonds, was the reward, which in honor of this event was Alexander Suvorov.
brief biography of the commander shows that his life was not periods of calm, he spent all his time on the battlefield.In August of that year, Suvorov was sent by Catherine II to suppress the rebellion of Pugachev.Soon, he obeyed the orders of the queen and went to fight, but to the moment when Alexander arrived troops of Peter Ivanovich Panin has attacked army Pugacheva, and the only thing left to the young military - is to escort the prisoner to Simbirsk.
1774 - 1786
Feats Suvorov in this period is significant.At this time he was involved in the command of armies, is in the south of Russia.Thereby helping the Count Potemkin, who was involved in the strengthening of the newly acquired territories.
Alexander engaged in the creation of fortified line in the Kuban and the improvement of the Crimean defense.In 1778, thanks to the skillful command of the military genius was warned landing of Turkish troops in one of the bays of Odessa.
During this period, he was promoted to the rank of general-in-Chief and was awarded two major orders: St. Alexander Nevsky, St. Vladimir 1st degree.
Continued Turkish campaign
Alexander Suvorov, whose biography reveals that for him there were no obstacles on the way to achieving its goal, fought against the Turkish army at the age of 56 years.But here he was able to show all his genius as a commander.Despite his advanced years, the great commander managed to keep the excitement and bravery to help him on the road to victory.When the battle began, the commander was given command of the 30-thousand army that defended the coast in the Kherson-Kinburn.He defeated a large army of the enemy, the Turkish fleet at Kinburn Spit and completely destroyed the fee enemies.The main reason for the victory was the fact that the head of the army commander was Suvorov.The biography of this great man proves that even in an age when people prefer to stay away from the war, Suvorov went on to win.
noteworthy that after this battle Alexander was awarded at the request of the Count Potemkin.In his petition to Catherine Count indicated that he was ready to give him his order, as long as he received the highest military award - Andrew.
wounded near Ochakov
In 1788 Suvorov became a member of the Ekaterinoslav army under Potemkin, which at that time was engaged in the siege of Ochakov.The capture of this area has been very slow, and Alexander Suvorov, compared with taking the siege of Troy.In one of the raids commander he was seriously injured and had to leave for a few months military service.
In 1789, Alexander returned to active participation in hostilities, the army of Potemkin, who had already commanded the united army, and became the head of the troops Repin, who were in the territory of Bessarabia and Moldavia.
biography of Suvorov has many victories.The next one took place on July 21 when a brilliant military leader with the support of the Austrian allies dealt a crushing blow Army Osamn Pasha in Focsani.
Almost a month later, on September 11 managed to Generalissimo Suvorov, commanding the Russian and Austrian forces defeat the Turkish army, which surpassed it in population quadrupled.This victory only once again demonstrated how brilliant military leader was Alexander Suvorov.Brief biography tells the story of the commander and the brilliant tactics.Russian-Austrian army, which was under his command, was advancing with two columns, headed first spoke Russian general-in-chief and the head of the second - an Austrian prince.
for this victory on the river Rymnik commander received the Order of St. George the 1st degree, and honored to be called Count Rymniksky.The further biography of Suvorov, the commander, even briefly describes some of his personal habits, he tells us that in all his subsequent battles on his neck could be seen his favorite cross - Rymniksky George.
Storming fortress Izmail
autumn 1790 Potemkin ordered to Suvorov went to Ishmael and began preparing the assault of the fortress.At the disposal of the commander was 35 thousandth army and fortifications erected by the French engineers.Just two weeks it took Alexander, to prepare for the assault, and already 11 December due to the coordinated work of the Suvorov Army Turkish monastery fell.
Suvorov biography complete set of information relating to this battle remains unclear just one detail.After such a feat commander was awarded another title - Lieutenant Colonel of the Life Guards, and in his honor was knocked engraving depicting the profile of Suvorov.Although Alexander has been awarded such high praise from the Queen, still tense debate, why the commander did not become the owner Fieldmarshal rank, because the heroic capture of the fortress of Izmail to a large extent depend from him.Most chroniclers believe that Count Potemkin decided to leave his best general in the shade, and to instead receive the glory and regalia.
Despite such anecdotal evidence, Suvorov was very saddened by the death of his mentor and teacher in the military, which took place just a year later.After all, Alexander was his man has a remarkable ability state that the commander is very respected.
This victory brought Suvorov not only the appointment of a new rite, but also the honor and respect far beyond Russia.This was an excellent example of the assault quickly prepared the attack of the enemy fortress, which was carried out not only land forces, but also the river flotilla.
After the Turkish campaign
Suvorov Alexander, whose biography is interesting even to people not related to military affairs, and in his old age did not leave his post.Once the set point has been at war with Turkey, Alexander took up command of the compounds in Finland and in southern Russia, has focused on building the border fortifications.
Later in 1794, when Suvorov was already 64 years old, the Empress sent him to Poland, so he curbed the uprising led by Tadeusz Kosciuszko.Empress conferred upon him all their hopes and she was right.Military genius able to win again, he took Warsaw.What is important in this battle, Alexander acted decisively, but watch out for, so that civilians remain safe.After this victory he was granted the rank of Field Marshal.
Commander Suvorov, a photo which, for obvious reasons did not exist, was imprinted on several portraits, which can be seen slightly built man, but with a noble bearing.
for future generations, he wrote a book called "The Science of Winning", which summarized all his experiences in relation to military affairs.Suvorov was a staunch opponent of orders enforcers in the Russian Army Paul I, which he did not hide.For his harsh statements against such actions, he was dismissed in February 1797.Over the next two years he lived on the estate in the Novgorod province.
return to service
Suvorov Alexander, whose biography is as commander seemingly over, was still appointed commander of Russian troops on their way to Italy.He once again managed to defeat the enemy, this time it was the French army, and to release her from northern Italy.The commander was forced to go to Switzerland, where he was able to defeat the enemy in incredible conditions of snow-covered Alps.After the victory achieved with such difficulty, the great commander was assigned a new title, and now it was called Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov.
brief biography of the commander also indicated that he had another goal - to Paris, which he, however, could not be reached.
Such complex campaigns be detrimental to the health of the great generalissimo, who was coerced by long transitions, changes of climate.Besides, he said, of course, age.As soon as they returned to St. Petersburg, Alexander Suvorov fell ill and died.Ashes military genius rests in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.
whole biography demonstrates Suvorov followed the younger generations how brave and heroic are human actions and decisions.Generalissimo Suvorov Alexander not only helped the Russian army to achieve many victories, he also became the author of a number of improvements in the conduct of combat, creating a variety of tricks and maneuvers aimed at early defeat of the enemy with minimum losses.You can not underestimate his achievement, because they affected the course of world history, and without them the modern political map of the world would have looked quite different.