Egypt's population.

Egypt's population in its ethnic composition is the most homogeneous among the inhabitants of North African States.This country is considered to be the largest of all Arab and second among Africa (after Nigeria) countries.

Ethnic groups

98% of the population - the Egyptians.They assimilate different, including Arabic-speaking ethnic minorities who are settled on the periphery of the ethnic Egyptian territory.These groups are not only few in number compared with the Egyptians, but also natives of other African and Arab countries.Egypt's population includes several large, after the Egyptians groups sinaytsy and Nubians.The first is a transitional ethnic group.They inhabit the Sinai Peninsula, in particular coastal areas.In these areas, home to Palestinian refugees, mainly Egyptians here - the people of the military profession, employees, workers who come to these areas for a certain period.Nubians are also very peculiar ethnic group.It was formed in the 2nd half of the 20th century, after being evicte

d from the Nubian ethnic groups Mahasena Kunuz arabonubiyskie and local tribes.

Egypt's population.Groups Berbers and Bishareens

Representatives of the latter ethnic group is the northernmost of the Beja tribes.Within the national borders is settled only part Bishareens, whose number - 20 thousand.They still lead a nomadic or semi-nomadic lifestyle, driving flocks of sheep and herds of camels in the desert pastures of Lake Nasser and back.Today Bishareens among a large percentage of the inhabitants are citizens.The number of Berbers, also members of the Egyptian population is not more than a thousand people.They live in the border area with Libya, the Mediterranean coast and in the oasis of Siwa.

disputes on nation

About half a century is the outstanding question of whether the Egyptians considered a separate nation or adjacent to the pan-Arab.Until relatively recently, the lower strata of the townspeople and fellahs vaguely imagined their nationality.Today, much divided opinion.So, for example, some Muslims said to belong to the Egyptian nation, the other argues that the Arabs and Egyptians in particular, are members of one ethnic group.Most residents still fluctuates, or trying to find compromise language.It should be noted that this issue is not only of academic significance.This argument also applies to nationalism as the Egyptian and Arab, pan-Islamism, the actual political, linguistic and other issues of concern and Egypt itself.Population (2013, namely its beginning, the number of births is not much different from 2012.) today has about 84 million people.At the same time the standard of living is low.Despite the fact that the country has introduced a system of mandatory six years of education, rural, such as children during harvest or planting are often deprived of the opportunity to learn.And farmers today make up about 55% of the population of Egypt.