Today, probably, everyone Ukrainians on hearing such terms as "ATO", "War in the Donbass", "martial law."To verify this, you can simply include a roundup of all the media, or view some photos of ATO in Ukraine.But despite the numerous debates, guided in this subject a few.In this article you will find the answer to the question: "What is ATO in Ukraine?" - As well as the analysis of the important aspects of this problem.Recent events in the Ukraine caused a huge public outcry and demand meaningful evaluation.The article will be given a few photos ATO in Ukraine.
first mention of the term ATO
As you know, after the stormy events "euromaidan" and a coup in Kiev completely change of power.This caused mass rallies and demonstrations in the southeastern part of the country, which were accompanied by the seizure of state institutions.What is ATO, in Ukraine, we learned after the statement of the deputy of the Supreme Soviet Gennady Moskal that the former head of the Security Service, NSS planned stripping
If we talk about a clear and precise definition of the word "ATO", it is an acronym that stands for "anti-terrorist operation."Under this abbreviation refers to a set of measures and practices to prevent or suppress terrorist acts or crimes committed with a terrorist purpose.
Ukrainian law there is a corresponding law, which is called "On the fight against terrorism."On the basis of this law, Parliament decided to hold an ATO in eastern Ukraine.But many experts have criticized this decision, referring to the fact that still need to prove who the terrorists in this situation and on what basis will be carried out anti-terrorist operation.It should be noted that the legitimacy of the Kiev authorities at the time (March-April 2014) was a great deal of controversy.
Terms of antiterrorist operation
If we talk in terms of legislation, the ATO is aimed at saving the lives of ordinary civilians from criminal activity of terrorists.The above-mentioned law clearly outlines the conditions of the antiterrorist operation.Among them - the presence of the real immediate threat to the health and lives of people, the interests of society or the country.
Ukrainian authorities saw in anti-government rallies and demonstrations in the southeast of the state threaten the territorial integrity of Ukraine.Separatist slogans were actually present in the east, but proclaimed them rallied the citizens of the country, which thus expressed their political position.So how justified the action of the authorities, is difficult to judge.
agencies involved in ATU
Again, in terms of legislation, the ATO must conduct a special detachment of the fight against terrorism.In this case, the SBU.But in spite of all the norms of law, anti-terrorist operation in the east of Ukraine were involved Interior Ministry officers, Border Guard, the Ministry of Defense and the regular Ukrainian army.Separately, you can talk about the volunteers (a phenomenon out of the ordinary during the antiterrorist operation).These include the National Guard of Ukraine, as well as a huge number of volunteer battalions.Among the main and more well-known are: "Aydar", "Dnepr-1", "Azov", "Donbass" and many others.
At the beginning of the campaign led antiterrorist operation police chief of Ukraine, Interior Minister Arsen Avakov.It also raises doubts about the justification of the ATO as to lead such operations have special services.What is ATO in Ukraine?Do not share the police?
powers of the military in the zone of the ATO is very significant.Law enforcement officers during the antiterrorist operation almost everything is permitted.From a routine check of documents of suspicious citizens to arrest and even murder.During the operation, the military can enter private buildings and territory.Use personal funds of people in order to prevent terrorist attacks.
territory of the antiterrorist operation
also an interesting point in the conduct of the ATO is the fact that such operations are of a local nature, which means that the ATO can not be conducted in such a large region as the East of Ukraine.Such operations are carried out for the release of hostages from terrorists occupied the building, the water area of the vehicle, a plot of land or a maximum treatment area of the city from criminals.
under the anti-terrorist operation were many cities of Ukraine.In the area of ATO at the moment are: Donetsk, Luhansk, Alchevsk Horlivka, Avdeevka, Artemovsk, Happiness, Anthracite and many others.
outbreak of an armed conflict in Ukraine
As mentioned earlier, the events of the antiterrorist operation in the Ukraine were related to protests and demonstrations in the east.April 7th, 2014 in Donetsk and Kharkov proclaimed the People's Republic and declared its intention to hold a referendum on self-determination regions.Home ATO in Ukraine is directly connected with the statement of the Acting President Oleksandr Turchynov.He announced the start of the anti-terrorist operation involving the Armed Forces of Ukraine.Almost immediately, the Ukrainian army has moved to Donbass.The first blood was shed in Slavyansk: Special Forces commander was killed "Alpha" Gennady Bilichenko.
It should be noted that the state strongly contributed to attracting volunteers.In the media, all those who went to fight in the Donbas, became known as "Hero of Ukraine".ATO gaining momentum, both sides began to form armed units, the conflict entered its most acute phase.
acute phase of the antiterrorist operation
period of spring and summer of 2014 in the Donbass very eventful.Therefore, you should consider the most important ones.For a better understanding of the situation.The first and very bloody confrontation was in Slavyansk, Mariupol.Ukrainian army pressed militia forces in these regions.Long and not have been less bloody battles for the Donetsk airport, which eventually passed into the hands of the militia.Beginning in June 2014, the Armed Forces of Ukraine supporters thronged the DNI and the LC on all fronts, trying to cut off the republic from the Russian border, as well as to share their own.
very important and bloody battles began in August.The People's Republic is on the verge of defeat, but successfully defended positions on Saur-Tomb, as well as in the battles of Ilovaiskaya surrounded and effectively destroying a large group of troops APU, went to the counter-attack and captured vast territories, came to the Sea of Azov.The loss of Ukraine in the ATO after Ilovaisky boiler went into thousands.This has forced the country's leadership to go to the peace talks.
peace process and the escalation of the conflict in the winter 2015
After a series of agreements (the Minsk Agreement of 5 September 2014) came a slight lull.But attacks on civilian towns of Donbass continued.This has led to renewed conflict in the winter 2015.As a result of long and difficult battles at Debaltsevo city was taken by the host.Ukrainian army was back in the boiler and suffered appalling losses.The authorities of the People's Republic of Ukraine and with the support of the presidents of Germany, France and Russia once again signed a truce on February 12, 2015 in the city of Minsk.The arrangement of the world is not met, but significant clashes yet.Talking about the future of the conflict is very difficult.
losses of Ukraine in the ATO
exact number of casualties of the Ukrainian side is difficult to calculate due to the fact that it consists of a large number of armed groups that are not dependent on each other, and some even from the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.According to the current president of Petro Poroshenko, the loss of the Ukrainian army at the beginning of May 2015 amount to 1 549 people were killed.But the figure looks clearly implausible.Therefore it is necessary to resort to the reports of international organizations on this issue.According to the UN, the loss of the Ukrainian side make more than 4,500 people killed and about 10,000 wounded.Regarding military vehicles, it destroyed about 1,000 units.Many participants of the UTA must receive appropriate social security.Benefits for members of ATU Ukraine in the face of almost all politicians have repeatedly promised.Judging by the losses, we can say that the conflict is really significant and profound.
This can give a detailed answer to the question: "What is ATO in Ukraine?".This armed conflict has divided Ukrainian society after the revolutionary events in February 2014 in Kiev.Significant losses of the parties, the massive flow of refugees suggest that the policy of Kiev is not so justified, as it seems to many Ukrainians.Any government must understand that the value does not have a personal interest, not the territorial integrity of the state, and above all - human life.