Taiga tick - distributor of dangerous diseases

taiga tick - insects belonging to the order of arachnids.It has eight legs and flat body.He had no visual organs, in space it is guided through touch and smell.This lack of very small size (female - 4 mm, the male is even smaller - only 2.5 mm) do not interfere with him quite well to survive.He feels its prey at a distance of ten meters.The mite is a very dangerous creature, he is a carrier tick-borne encephalitis and Lyme disease.Until the mid-twentieth century, lived only in Siberia, but gradually began to spread to the west.Now found throughout the territory of Russia.

used to be that the taiga tick lives on the branches of trees and jumps out at their victims.This view consists of the fact that it is sucked in mainly the upper part of the body of humans and animals.But it turned out that it was such a tactic.Tick ​​looking for places where it is harder to detect, and he lives in thick, tall grass or on the lower branches of shrubs.In small animals the insect really dumped on top.And the person he

gets to his feet and slowly moved up, looking for a place to suck.

taiga tick, photos illustrate this, is attached where the skin is the most delicate, and therefore it is easy to bite.Himself bite people or animals do not feel as the wound insects injected enzyme having analgesic effektom.Delaetsya this in order not to be detected.Males are less dangerous than females.They attach themselves for a short time, do not go deep.Females, on the contrary, very voracious, they can make a little hole in the skin and stay there for several days, during which time increasing in size up to 10 times.Suck, they fall off and lay eggs, one clutch has to two thousand pieces.After two weeks, the larvae hatch from it.To gain strength, they use small animals, and then go into the soil.There taiga tick larva will transform into a so-called nymph.Coming to the surface again to feed and they go for the winter.

of life cycle of the mite begins in April and May.They are very dangerous in front of laying eggs.In June, lay eggs, the bulk of the dying, but very hardy and can remain live until September.In the fall of nymphs become active, which are also not averse to profit.

Earlier taiga tick is found only in the dense thickets of the forest, but now it can be found in the pastures near settlements and in parks.It turns out that almost everyone is at risk, you should take precautions.Dachas need to mow the grass, not only within the region but also around it, thus depriving you tick habitat.Going into the woods, put on pants made of thick fabric, tapering, boots, jacket or windbreaker with a hood and drawstrings.Every 10-15 minutes themselves should be inspected.After a forest in the house in those clothes do not go.

If taiga tick still found a loophole and has stuck, do not panic.It can not be easy to pull out, stay inside the head with a proboscis, while guaranteed to start the infection process.We need to take a string, throw on the proboscis of an insect and tighten, so he deprived of food.Then it is easy to remove.Himself put the tick in a jar and put in a laboratory to find out whether he was infected.Samu treat the wound with iodine.Next you need to see a doctor and do preventive vaccination.Remember carelessness leads to a disability for life.