Senior classes: Career Guidance in School

Beginning with the ninth grade, high school students have to solve a number of issues related to professional self-determination.Uniform State Exam puts high school to choose a profession long before receiving a high school diploma.In addition to the mandatory exam in mathematics and Russian language, you must choose another two to three exams.The options depend on the profile of the higher education institution, which will be trained graduates.However, you need to choose in advance to effectively prepare for the exam or select a profile training program in high school.

These objective circumstances compel seniors to reflect on their future profession.

Despite the flow of diverse information provided by the modern young men and women, the world of professions is very far from them.Many students who come to the high school, do not know the essence of a number of professions.Sometimes the only criterion for evaluating the merit of a particular profession - its financial prestige.In addition, high schoo

l students often can not realistically assess their capabilities to the desired profession.

Thus, career guidance in school is relevant and requires serious systematic approach on the part of student leaders and specialists of the educational institution.

At the heart of the construction of career guidance may be three directions.

1) "What I can."The purpose of career counseling - to help high school students to know their abilities, motivations, preferences.A major role in the organization of work at this stage, plays a collaboration class teachers and psychologists.Means of career counseling techniques are professional self-determination.These include the "Differential diagnostic questionnaire" E.A.Klimova "interest map", "professional intentions," "Career Anchors" and others.

Organization of business games, participate in social projects to help students in high school to learn their priorities in the choice of profession.

2) "What I want to."This direction should give an idea of ​​the diversity of the world of professions.The most effective methods are tours, meeting new modern trends in secondary and higher vocational education, an invitation to high school teachers of high schools, meetings with representatives of various professions.Reliable information to stimulate the desire of students to become involved in one or another profession.

3) "What do I need" - direction, which to some extent brings young people to the harsh reality.These realities include, for example, the family's financial situation.In addition, not all professions that are popular with high school students can match his physiological characteristics or state of health.

important moment in the career-oriented work is the construction of several routes of vocational education based on a combination of three sides of the choice of profession, "I-want-it is necessary."

profile training program, which is chosen by many schools, high school, became an essential means of professional self-determination of students.The most popular profiles are: mathematics, humanities (including foreign languages), the socio-economic, information technology, chemical and biological.

Organization of career guidance in schools should include and work with parents.Relevant topics for discussion at parents' meetings in the senior classes can be "Youth age and professional self-determination", "Mechanisms of formation of professional motivation," "non-conflict methods of communication."