Aspects of speech

Before figuring out what are the aspects of speech, it should be understood that this culture is.Culture speech - is the ability to effectively use language features for the most accurate and efficient transmission of your thoughts, subject to the rules of communication.

Simply put, the culture of speech (KR) - this is nothing like the ability to speak concisely and accurately, bright and colorful depending on the situation.

Imagine that a person enters, for example, in the hall where the trial takes place, and, turning to the jury, said: "Hello everyone!".The situation is, of course, absurd.

Culture of speech exists precisely so that man could properly look up words in the right situation.After all, every word thrown at random can create a reputation for speaking deprived of good education ignorant, tactless, stupid individual.

KRhelps shape speech competence, a model to educate highly educated in the language sense of identity.

concept of "culture of speech" includes three major aspects: commu

nicative, normative, ethical.These aspects of speech allow us to consider it in terms of its quality, which ensures successful communication, accuracy, etc. UsedIt any educated person should be meaningful, relevant, intelligible.

Standard aspect of speech is based on the definition of "normal" as the leading concept of the speech and language culture.

Norma complex called the most convenient for the routine maintenance of a particular society linguistic resources.This complex is formed as a result of the selection of lexical, syntactic, morphological, and other elements.

At the heart of the Russian literary language founded a literary norm: set of language phenomena, not only reflected in his speeches and media allowed to eat, but in the form of fixed rules.

considering aspects of speech, it is worth mentioning that the normative aspect - the only one which is subject to codification.

Codification - a reflection of the rules of language, which exists objectively, and therefore fixed in the form of rules and regulations, as reflected in the dictionaries, textbooks, reference books.

correct to consider only this use of language means, which codified and enshrined in the rules.

ethical dimension of speech implies an ability to look up words in a particular situation.This requires knowledge of etiquette, cultural norms of behavior, because they are the basis for the correct choice of words.The ethical dimension, as opposed to the regulatory, subject to situational.For example, verbal formulas (goodbye, greeting, invitation, etc.), handling some of the other components of speech depends on the participants in the communication, their age, ethnicity, relationship, and other factors.

Unfortunately, the ethical component of speech today is far from perfect.The ethical dimension prohibits bad language, talk in an elevated tone.We are our compatriots becoming poorer replaced trope comes colloquial lexicon.Brann even teenagers, women.Massive violations of speech etiquette - a sign of the decline of culture in society.

communicative aspect of KRIt assumes ownership of all functional varieties of language.

educated person, depending on the situation, I should own expressive spoken language to communicate in a scientific or business style, to be able to transfer their thoughts official business language, know and be able to competently use their own means of expression of speech fiction.

aspects of speech change with time, because society is changing and the language that it serves.