Foreign Policy Peter 1

Russia's relations with other countries in the early 18th century were particularly active.Foreign Policy Peter 1 was carried out in two directions: the Asian and European.She wore as a peaceful and diplomatic means been solved, and the military.

Foreign Policy Peter 1 in the Asian sector primarily concerned the opening of exit via the Black Sea.To this end, we organized Azov campaigns, which resulted in a seizure of the reference point of the Ottomans - the fortress of Azov.In the south of the Russian border have become safer thanks to the opportunity to attack from the sea to the Crimea.It began active construction of the port of Taganrog.However, in the power of the Ottoman Empire was the Kerch Strait, which means that the output remained closed through the Black Sea.Russia had no navy, no funds for its creation, to start a war with Turkey.Then Peter 1 introduced a new file: each kumpanstvo (in a combined 10,000 households) was for the state to build a ship with his own money.At one of these ships,

the Russian ambassador to Constantinople to negotiate.Sultan was supportive and concluded in 1700 a peace treaty, which was Azov remained for Russia.

Domestic and foreign policy of Peter 1 demonstrated in his quest to use the achievements of the West.He could not in the construction of the fleet and the formation of the army to do without specialist knowledge of Europe.But it is also 1 Peter could not allow his country to remain in complete ignorance of the issues.Therefore, promising the nobility were sent to study science abroad.Yes, and soon the first time the king made a trip to the West.

he went to the Embassy of Great Europe in order to gain allies against Turkey.The king himself was among the members of the embassy, ​​hiding under a false name.He not only participated in the negotiations, but also studied the art of war, shipbuilding, worked as a carpenter in the shipyards, visited many famous places in England.

Western powers at the time were busy preparing for war for the Spanish heritage and could not assist Russia in the war with Turkey.For this reason, the foreign policy of Peter 1 reoriented from the Asian to the European direction.

to start a new war, Russia signed a truce with the Ottoman Empire for 30 years.That was the main condition for the Northern Alliance, which also includes Denmark and Saxony.Most of all in this war was interested in August II, King of Poland.He sought to capture Livonia and Russia promised to return for the support of selected once Karelia and Ingermanland.The pretext for declaring war on Russia served as an insult conveyed earlier to Peter 1 in Riga.

While Charles XII and Augustus II defeated, the Russian Tsar still managed to grab a few fortresses and punch the way to the Baltic.

In 1710 Turkey, despite the ceasefire signed, intervenes in the war.As a result of the hostilities with the Ottoman Empire, Russia had to return it to destroy the fortress of Azov and Taganrog.But thanks to these actions, the Turks again signed a truce, and the king could only deal with the Swedes.The Russian fleet continued to strengthen in the Baltic Sea.It's very worried Sweden.The resumption of talks between the two countries has led to the conclusion of peace.Under its terms, Russia received additional territories and open access to the sea.She became a great power in Europe as a sign that the Russian tsar was proclaimed emperor.

After such luck foreign policy of Peter 1 is now focused on the organization of the Caspian campaign to strengthen the position of the empire in the Caucasus.

After the political actions taken by the emperor, Russia has undergone fundamental changes.The results of the foreign policy of Peter 1 - is not only free access to the sea.The patriarchal country suddenly all became a European state, participates in all international processes.